In these three names, power is established as an attribute of Allah (swt) – He has absolute power. Allah (swt) calls Himself Al-Qadeer – The One with complete power. Al-Qadeer needs no means to do anything.
Allah (swt) also calls Himself Al-Muqtadir – The Omnipotent, The Powerful Determiner. Al-Muqtadir is the One Who has the power and the ability to do whatever He decides. His power enforces all decrees, and His decree prevails in every situation.
Linguistically Qadeer, Qadir, and Muqtadir are all derived from the Arabic root word ‘qaaf-daal-raa’ which points to four main meanings:
- The first meaning is ‘to have the power to accomplish, to be capable’. He is the One, Who is capable of doing everything.
- The second is ‘to measure, to distribute something, or to make manifest’. He is the One, Who measures everything with perfection.
- The third is ‘to decree or ordain’. He is the One, Who decrees all that was, is, and will ever be.
- The fourth is ‘to prevail’. He is the One, Whose decree prevails in every situation.
How do we balance free will and Qadr (the divine decree)?
Some people rely only on themselves. They mistakenly believe that all their success is because of their own planning and effort. Multibillion dollars of the self-help and self-reliance industry are firing people up with ‘the power of the self’, convincing them that they can do anything. On the other end of the spectrum are people who do not make any effort, believing that what is destined for them will come to them.
Belief in Al-Qadir means that you sincerely take action with the understanding that your commitment and your action is in the hands of your Rabb, and He will only grant it success when you make efforts.
This is an excerpt from the print issue.
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