The human body has so amazingly been designed by Allah (swt) that despite marvelous advances in science, technology and research, man is never confident of having acquired the entire delicacies of this complicated machinery. Fresh and stunning facts are flooding every new dawn before us.
Amongst numerous wonders of this human body (the machinery), our tiny brain is the organ of utmost significance. Hidden from the eyes, it enjoys a status of dominance over our entire physique – the status of ‘his majesty’. It is this brain, on whose commandments and advices our hearts, livers, hands, legs and eyes all function. They operate as and when they are signaled by the brain to act; and stop as and when they are directed to stop. No sooner than the brain commands the tender nerves to communicate its message to, for example, the eyes and ears, they, the eyes and the ears, commence viewing and listening. Should the mind order hand, for instance, to slap someone’s face, it will never hesitate to respond and will slap within seconds.
Out of our sheer curiosity, should we sometimes extract this brain out of our head-skull, we will be stunned to note the weight it carries: barely 400 or 500 grams. Nonetheless, the mind performs miracles higher than the Himalayas.
A pulpy substance, it is sub-divided into three categories: conscious, sub-conscious and the Id, each of them having its own sort of activities. Thus, we can claim that the mind is not just one but three-in-one.
An insane person can never think or concentrate confidently, because the part of his brain, known as the conscious, does not function properly. This is why he is identified as an ‘insane’ person in the society.
Contrary to it, the sub-conscious, which is the mind’s second section, discharges its responsibilities without any prior preparation or due intention but quite un-intentionally. Often we notice people escaping from any emergency quite all of a sudden. They save themselves, for instance, from a ball approaching toward them in speed. Likewise, during night-time sleep, we find ourselves tossing and turning in our beds or scratching bodies here and there unintentionally.
All such unintentional activities are performed only by this sub-conscious. It is strange to note that while on we execute our jobs consciously, we execute them unconsciously, too.
Then comes the role of the third and the last section of mind (the Id), as recognized by the psychologists. It’s like being a storeroom, where our entire discourses, actions and events get dumped everlastingly. In other words, the Id assumes a shape of an archive for our past actions. Events painful or happy, things important or otherwise and occasions matrimonial or funeral – all are dumped into it no sooner than they come to their end, for the purpose of later recollection.
Then, whenever in future we find ourselves in a pensive mood, we click this section of mind, retrieve our past images and find ourselves engulfed with these scenes afresh among our friends and family members like a film-reel. Events get lost, time lapses, and memories faint, but never to die.
A poet exclaims:
“Retrieval of the events gone by is an exercise of torture;
So deprive me, o Lord, of my memories (that is the subconscious).”
Events we performed at the age of sixth or seven can be recollected by us even at the age of our eighties and nineties. Although faded, these memories help us strengthen or reshape our decisions whenever, in the words of Shakespeare, “they flash upon that inward eye, which is the bliss of solitude”.
Yet another poet explains:
“Gaey who kab k bhi lekin, nazroun m abtak samaarahey hen
Yeh chal rahey hen woh phir rahey hen. Yeh aarahey hen who jarahe hen.”
(He, the friend of mine, has departed long away but his memories still continue flashing before my eyes. This he is walking and that he is roaming; here he is approaching and there he is leaving.)
Similar to the computer’s memory device, Allah (swt) has too bestowed upon human beings, the gift of Id. You stock inventories here in the memory.
Whereas on one side, the human body is supposed to be an extremely delicate machine, the mind also is believed to be a delicate piece of flesh. Since the mind assumes the status of a ‘super administrator’, who can then do away with that? It’s not just a mind but the ‘master mind’, as a matter of fact, which is superior to the animal minds.
The Quran questions us at this juncture: “Fabe ayye aalaey Rabbekuma tukazziban?” (“How do you dare deny the blessings Allah (swt) has awarded to you out of His utmost countenance?”) (Al-Rahman), and in response we proclaim: “O Allah, we never overrule Your authority and never deny Your wonders. We all submit before You, as Your humble bondsmen and bondswomen.”