Surah Al-Baqarah, also known as the peak of the Quran, answers the call of guidance that a believer seeks in Surah Fatihah. With a challenging beginning, it highlights many significant issues.
Prove to Muhammad’s (sa) Prophethood
The Surah starts with the letters Alif-Laam-Meem. These are just letters of the Arabic language and when joined together they do not make any specific word. That is in itself a proof to the prophethood of Muhammad (sa). Prophet Muhammad (sa) was unlettered. An unlettered person can speak words of his language, but he is not able to pronounce and speak the letters of that language. The Jewish community in Madinah, at the time of the Prophet (sa), considered themselves to be highly educated compared to the people of Makkah. Prophet (sa) being born in Makkah, and known to be unlettered, was calling people to Allah’s (swt) religion and using a language that even the educated ones among them could not compete with. That was a clear proof that Muhammad (sa) was receiving a revelation, and that the verses in the Quran were not his own words.
Quran- The Ultimate Truth
In the second verse, Allah (swt) first speaks about a basic, and yet very important belief; to believe that the Quran is without any doubt. That is, a person believes that whatever is in the Book is from Allah (swt) the All-knowing, Who knows what is visible and what is hidden, what has happened in the past and what will happen in the future. He even knows what is in the heart of a person. Nothing is hidden from Him. A person must believe that whatever Allah (swt) has revealed for His servant is definitely perfect for him.
if Allah (swt) has said that dealing in interest is a loss, and we see a great benefit in its dealing, and do not consider it a loss for ourselves, then this means that we do not consider the words of Allah (swt) as ultimate truth
We must believe that if Allah (swt) has said that in His Messenger is a perfect example, then no matter what advances the science makes, or how modern the world gets- indeed the way of the Messenger is still the best, and will always remain the best. An example of not having doubt in Allah’s (swt) Book is that if Allah (swt) has said that dealing in interest is a loss, and we see a great benefit in its dealing, and do not consider it a loss for ourselves, then this means that we do not consider the words of Allah (swt) as ultimate truth and we are still doubtful about it. In short, our actions will determine our belief.
In the second part of this verse, Allah (swt) says that Quran is guidance for those who have Taqwa. This means that not everyone who reads and understands the book of Allah (swt) will get guidance. Today, we see Quran being used for many purposes. Some read it to make scientific discoveries, others use it for amulets, and some others use it to recite at the graves of the pious, hoping they would get help in their matters from the dead people as they are closer to Allah (swt). Hence, not every who reads the Quran is guided, but guidance is for the pious- those who fear Allah (swt) and want to take guidance from His Book.
May Allah (swt) make us among those who read and understand His book purely for His sake. May He guide us to the straight path, and keep us firm on His religion till our last breath. Ameen.