Do you want to be one of the Rabbaniyun?

Apr 11- Towards effective Quran classes

“It is not (possible) for any human being to whom Allah has given the Book and Al-Hukma (the knowledge and understanding of the laws of religion, etc.) and Prophethood to say to the people: ‘Be my worshippers rather than Allah’s.’ On the contrary (he would say): ‘Be you Rabbaniyun (learned men of religion who practice what they know and also preach others), because you are teaching the Book, and you are studying it.’” (Ale-Imran 3:79)

Rabbaniyun means the devoted worshippers of the Rabb (swt). These are people who obtain Ilm (knowledge), practice what they have learnt, and also worry about passing on the Ilm and Amal (actions), so that it transforms into Tarbiyah for oneself as well as for others.

Now, how can you be one of the Rabbaniyun?

  1. Attain knowledge both of the Deen and the Dunya. If you don’t have knowledge of this world, you will not be able to comprehend, reflect and benefit from the knowledge of Deen. Once, you have sufficient knowledge of both, you can reflect, as Allah (swt) constantly tells us in the Quran that He has revealed these Ayahs of the Quran for those who use their rationale and intellect.
  2. Once these Ayahs have been truly absorbed in your heart, mind and soul, then Insha’Allah, you will be able to stay on the Sirat-ul-Mustaqeem “Hanifah”, without swerving. You will be able to obey Allah’s (swt) commands without questioning them.
  3. Be concerned about the etiquette and behavior of fellow Muslim brothers and sisters. Yours and their character should excel and represent the true essence of Islam.
  4. Following from the previous point, practice what you preach. There should be no contradiction between your actions and what you request others to do.

What do you love the most?

best witness

Consider the following verse:

“By no means shall you attain Al-Birr (piety, righteousness, etc., it means here Allah’s reward, i.e. paradise), unless you spend (in Allah’s cause) of that which you love; and whatever of good you spend, Allah knows it well.” (Al-Imran 3:92)

So what is it that you love the most and how can you spend it in Allah’s cause? Here is a quick exercise.

  1. Make a list of things you love.
  2. Divide your list into tangible things and intangible things.
  3. Now reflect: how can you spend these in the way of Allah?

A typical list might look like this:


  • Shoes
  • Clothes
  • Bags
  • Laptop
  • Ipod
  • Money
  • Room
  • Books


  • Time
  • Kids
  • Family
  • Knowledge
  • Writing
  • Reading

You can spend tangible things in the way of Allah (swt), by giving some of the things you love (clothes, jewellery, shoes, etc.) to those who need it more.

You can also spend them in the way of Allah (swt) by using these resources to benefit the Deen, for example, lending your laptop for a presentation at the Halaqah, or offering your house to host the weekly Quran class.

Out of the intangible things, you can spend your time to learn, study and teach the Deen of Allah.

You can volunteer your time to aid the sick, give charity and engage in other humanitarian causes.

Your kids can be future “Daees” in the path of Allah (swt). If you work on their knowledge, their character, and their personality, then Insha’Allah, they will become true Muslims. You can also work on the knowledge and Tarbiyah of your family – this would be considered spending in the cause of Allah (swt).

By writing good articles and reading good books, you can motivate others and help them understand Islam. Also, by reading good books and articles, you can increase your knowledge and further benefit yourself and others.

Moreover, if you love sports and work out daily, you attain a more positive outlook on life and you work better. If you are fit and positive, you are definitely more productive.

Who am I and Who Do I Choose to Be?

July 11- The Advent of universitites

“And you (all) will be in three kinds (i.e. separate groups).” (Al-Waqiah 56:7)

What are the three groups?  

  1. Forerunners: Perform righteous actions; their dealings are in accordance with the Quran and the Sunnah; they seize opportunities to do good; they are proactive and do Ihsan.
  1. Companions of the Right: They perform righteous actions but sometimes make mistakes. However, they also realize their errors and repent.
  1. Companions of the Left: They deny and reject the certainty of the Akhirah, They are described in the Surah as those who indulged in affluence, and they persisted in the great violation [of denial]. Allah says: “And they used to say: “When we die and become dust and bones, shall we then indeed be resurrected? And also our forefathers?” (Al-Waqiah 56: 47-48)

To which of the three categories do you belong?

Aim to be among the forerunners, Insha’Allah. The Quran clearly defines who they are, what they do and their ultimate reward. If this is not enough motivation, then what else do we need?

At the moment, you may have some traits of the Companions of the Right and some of the Companions of the Left. You may make mistakes, realize and recognize them, and then ask for forgiveness for them. You may commit sins and indulge in the vanities of the world, forgetting the certainty of the Akhirah.

However, after reading and understanding Surat Waqiah, try to imitate some of the qualities of the forerunners, such as incorporating Sunnahs and Nawafil, trying to pray on time, and doing Ihsan. May Allah make the entire Muslim Ummah true believers, forerunners and the dwellers of Jannat-ul-Firdous! Ameen!

The End-result?

“When the Event (i.e. the Day of Resurrection) befalls. And there can be no denying of its befalling.” (Al-Waqiah 56:1-2)

We need to realize and implement this:

“Verily, this! This is an absolute Truth with certainty. So glorify with praises the Name of your Lord, the Most Great.” (Al-Waqiah 56:95-96)

Haya in Danger

haya in danger

By Uzma Jawed – Student of the Quran

“And (there will be) Houris (fair females) with wide, lovely eyes (as wives for the pious) like unto preserved pearls.” (Al-Waqiah 22-23)

When we look around us, huge billboards, movie posters, commercials on TV, and ads in magazines and on the Internet are not portraying our Muslim women as icons of modesty and Haya. In fact, indecency has become so common that it endanger our Iman.

I interviewed a number of people from different walks of life and here is what they had to say:

Sabah Yaseen, student of Arabic

When we create such ads, we are publicly defying our Islamic beliefs and values. We should try talking to the people who are involved. For instance, approach their marketing department and voice our opinions directly to them. Boycotting and not buying their products may not help, as the people who don’t believe in the way they are marketing their products are a minority.

Sara Naveed, student of Quran

Ads can be good, without being vulgar and going against our cultural Islamic values. Companies like Juanid Jamshed, Five Star and Icon are highly successful without defying Allah’s (swt) commands.

Tasneem Riaz, mother

I feel angry when I see Muslim women exposed in such a manner. The best way to speak up against this is by visiting their various outlets and informing them that what they are doing is wrong.

There was once a very pious man named Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki. On his deathbed, he requested that the man who leads his funeral prayer has the following traits:

  1. His Tahajjud prayers had never been forsaken.
  2. He attended every prayer in the Masjid on time.
  3. He never missed his Asr Salah.
  4. He never looked at a non-Mahram woman.

Muslim king, Shamsuddin Altamash, reluctantly came forward and announced that he had such traits. He didn’t want to announce his good deeds but he wanted the man to be able to have his funeral as per his request.

While this incident was being related, one friend commented that in those days, there were no billboards with such obscene ads and hence, people could protect themselves from seeing non-Mahrams!

In addition, she quoted the verse of Surah An-Nur: “Verily, those who like that (the crime of) illegal sexual intercourse should be propagated among those who believe, they will have a painful torment in this world and in the Hereafter. And Allah knows and you know not.” (An-Nur 24:19)

Dr. Zubeidah Channah, a practicing dentist and a teacher of the Quran

She believes that Fahishah can be curtailed by propagating the Quran. It is the ultimate solution. Creating awareness of the ill-effects of Fahishah in educational institutions, Masajid and in the print and visual media could be effective. People need to realize that the repercussions of such billboards are not limited only to one’s dress code – it also impacts one’s speech, character and how we choose to live.

A practical tip she suggests is that people need to be motivated enough to finance means that would be a substitute to the ones propagating it. For example, one can finance billboards that propagate the message of truth. Moreover for the silent bystander, an alternative ‘trend’ which is easily accessible could be the solution.

Muslim Awareness Programme (MAP) is attempting to educate the masses about the Islamic value system through billboards. Learn more about them here: and

Biddats – Before, During and After Death

Vol 6 - Issue 3 BiddatsBy Uzma Jawed

Allah (swt) says in the Quran that every individual is bound to taste death. Everybody knows that we are in this world for a short period, whereas our life in the Akhirah is eternal. Therefore, we need to think more on how we can improve our life in the Hereafter. Abu Hurairah (rta) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (sa) said: “When a man dies, all his good deeds come to an end except three: ongoing charity, beneficial knowledge or a righteous offspring, who prays for him.” (Muslim)

Customs and Rituals Following Death

It is wrongly believed that certain rituals can benefit the dead. For example, gatherings are held on specific days:

  • Soyem/Qul: Held on the third day after death. A huge gathering of relatives and friends is held at the house and a lavish meal is served.
  • Tabarak: Held every Thursday after death to recite the Quran together for the departed soul. In some cases, food is laid out for the deceased, with the belief that the soul of the departed will visit its house on that day.
  • Duswan: Held on the tenth day after death.
  • Beeswan: Held on the twentieth day after death.
  • Chaleeswan: Held on the fortieth day after death. It is a major event, which is organized on a grand scale. It is wrongly believed that if Chaleeswan is not held on the fortieth day or a day or two before, another family member might die.
  • Bursi: Death anniversary is held and all the relatives and friends gather together and condolences are repeated.
  • First Eid: The household of the deceased believe that the first Eid after the demise is a day of mourning and people visit to offer the first Eid condolences.

Other Misconceptions

  • Surah Al-Baqarah is read fourteen times, while the body of the deceased is still at home.
  • Keeping rice or wheat under the bed, where the dead body has been placed, and distributing it among the poor after the burial.
  • Paying someone to recite the Quran at the grave for several days.
  • Illuminating the grave for forty days, believing that the soul of the deceased visits the grave for forty days.

Several of these rituals are practiced in many Muslim countries today. In some Asian countries (India, Pakistan and Bangladesh), these are considered part of our Deen. Similar practices are prevalent in some Arab countries. These customs come from pagan religions, especially Hinduism.

For example, in Hinduism, emphasis is placed on gathering in the home of the deceased and remembering the deceased on certain days. They also believe that the deceased may suffer, if the family members do not prepare food and drink for others.

All these rituals are innovations that have neither legal basis nor precedent in Islam. Any Biddat, in the eyes of the Shariah, is highly reprehensible. Aisha (rta) has narrated that Prophet Muhammad (sa) said: “If somebody innovates something, which is not in harmony with the principles of our religion, that thing is rejected.” (Bukhari) Thus, we should try to distinguish Haq from Batil and Sunnahfrom Biddat. This can only be done, if we understand the message that Allah (swt) has conveyed to us through the Quran and Prophet’s (sa) Sunnah.

Funeral Rites in Islam

Relatives and friends should only observe a three-day mourning period. Abdullah Ibn Jafar (rta) narrated that the Prophet (sa) delayed coming to visit Jafar’s family for three days after his death; then, he came to them and said:“Do not cry for my brother after today.” (Abu Dawood)

We need to ensure that the funeral is performed in accordance with the Quran and Sunnah. We should visit the family of the deceased and offer condolences, help them and supplicate for the dead. Prophet Muhammad (sa) explicitly instructed relatives, friends and neighbours to send food to the bereaved family.

Abdullah Ibn Jafar (rta) has narrated: “When the news of Jafar’s (rta) death came, Allah’s Messenger (sa) said: ‘Prepare some food for the family of Jafar (rta), for verily there has come to them that which will preoccupy them.’” (Abu Dawood and At-Tirmidhi) The family members should not be burdened with entertaining guests, when they themselves are dealing with a calamity. Imam Shafai said: “I dislike gatherings, even if there is no wailing or crying. For it only renews the (family’s feeling of) sorrow and puts burdens on their food supplies.”

Moreover, recitation of the Quran before supplicating to Allah for forgiveness for the deceased can certainly be a means of acceptance of that supplication. However, there is no evidence found in the Quran and Sunnah that several readings of the Quran be completed on specific days. Death is a great tragedy that is combined by the desire to please Allah (swt) and benefit the dead through legislated means. It is a time to remember the deceased by instigating the Sunnah and shunning innovations with all their links to paganism.

Jannah: The Forgotten Reward

Vol 6 -Issue 2 JannahBy Uzma Jawed

Almost all religions and cultures offer the promise of Paradise. For the Celtics, it was the Mag Mell; for the ancient Greeks, it was Elysium; for the Indo-Europeans, it was Svarga and the Fortunate Isles. Christians call it the Kingdom of God, while Jews call it the Olam Haba (Garden of Eden). Islam not only promises the Gardens of Everlasting Bliss but also describes them in vivid detail and explains how one can be eligible to enter the fabulous realm of Jannah.

Our belief and actions are the two primary factors that can lead us to Jannah. Allah (swt) promises in the Quran: “And whoever does righteous good deeds, male or female, and is a true believer in the Oneness of Allah (Muslim), such will enter Paradise and not the least injustice, even to the size of a Naqira (speck on the back of a date-stone), will be done to them.” (An-Nisa, 4:124) Furthermore, Allah (swt) says in Surah Al-Imran that those, who spend benevolently, restrain their anger, pardon men, treat others with kindness and repent, Allah (swt) will reward them with gardens beneath which rivers flow.

It says in the Quran that every man will taste death. Life, as we know it, is only temporary – it is a transition period. It is where every man, woman and child is tested. We try to get through this test by attesting that there is only one God, emulating the lives of His prophets, seeking guidance from the Quran, trying to do good deeds and asking for His forgiveness. Allah (swt) says in the Quran: “And march forth in the way (which leads to) forgiveness from your Lord, and for Paradise as wide as are the heavens and the earth, prepared for Al-Muttaqun (the pious)” (Al-Imran, 3:133) Once this test comes to an end, we will all receive our grades. That is what the Judgement Day is for. Once all our deeds are reviewed, we will be given our verdict: guilty or innocent.

After the judgements, all the people will have to journey over a bridge called the Sirat – a thin, narrow bridge over the chasm of Hell, which leads to Paradise on the other side. The sinful people will stumble and fall into the pit. The prophets and the righteous people will be able to make it into Jannah. They will feel relief and joy, when they will hear the angels standing by the gates of Jannah, telling them to enter with peace. (Ar-Ra’d, 13:23-24)

The Gates of Paradise

There are eight gates leading into Jannah – one for every major deed. For example, there will be gates named after Salah, Jihad, Sadaqa, struggling against evil and Ar-Rayyan (exclusively for those who fast). Each of these gates will call to that person, who used to perform that activity the best. In some cases, people may be called by more than one or all the gates! The Prophet (sa) said: “Whoever performs Wudhu and does it properly, then lifts his gaze to the sky and says ‘Ashhadu an la ilaha illa Allah, wahdahu la shareeka lah, wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan ‘abdahu wa rasuluhu,’ the eight gates of Paradise will be opened to him, and he will enter it through whichever one he wishes.” (Muslim and Ahmad)

As the believers enter through the gates, the awe and amazement that they will feel cannot even be imagined. The Prophet (sa) said that Allah (swt) said: “I have prepared for My slaves what no eye has seen, no ear has heard and no human heart can imagine.” (Bukhari)

Allah (swt) describes Jannah in earthly terms, so that the believers can relate and draw mental images. The scene will be exquisite and compelling. There will be lush gardens, rolling meadows, mountains made of musk and rivers flowing in valleys of pearl and ruby. The fresh scents, vibrant colours and the delightful sounds will make the believer feel magnetised.

A Sahabah asked the Prophet (sa) about Paradise, and he replied with a wonderful description: “Bricks of gold and silver, and mortar of fragrant musk, pebbles of pearl and sapphire, and soil of saffron. Whoever enters it is filled with joy and will never feel miserable; he will live there forever and never die; their clothes will never wear out and their youth will never fade.” (Ahmad and At-Tirmidhi)

Trees of Jannah

Amidst rivers of water, milk and honey, there will be grapevines, date palms, pomegranate trees, as well as lotus trees and banana trees.

Allah (swt) describes for us in the Holy Book: “And those on the Right Hand – who will be those on the Right Hand? (They will be) among thornless lote-trees, among Talh (banana-trees) with fruits piled one above another, in shade long-extended, by water flowing constantly, and fruit in plenty.” (Al-Waqiah 56:27-32)

The lotus tree (As-Sidr) is a thorny plant, but in Paradise it will be thornless. At-Talh (banana tree) is large sized thorny shrub, but in Paradise its fruits will be ready to eat, with no effort required. Another wondrous fact about the trees in Jannah is that all the trunks are of gold!

Levels of Jannah

Jannah has several levels, in which the believers will reside. The higher the level, the more the reward and delight associated with it. According to the Prophet (sa), the level that each believer will be in is determined by their good deeds, actions, perseverance and their knowledge of the Deen.

Bukhari and Muslim report that the Prophet (sa) said: “The people of Paradise will look at the people dwelling in the chambers above them in the same way that people look at a brilliant star shining far away on the horizon, in the East or West, because of their superiority (in reward) over them.” The people asked: “O Messenger of Allah, are these the dwellings of the prophets, which no one else can attain?” He replied: “No, by the One in Whose Hand is my soul, they are for the men who believed in Allah and also in His messengers.”

People of Paradise

Since all the levels are so exquisite, there will be no feeling of jealousy. In fact, such sentiments will not exist in Jannah; there will be no hurtful and offensive talk, gossip and rivalry. The hearts of the people of Paradise will be pure and their speech will be good. No one will be sick, old, handicapped or deformed. The people of Jannah will be perfectly healthy and in the prime of their life. Their physical appearance will be in the image of their father prophet Adam (as), as there is no human form more perfect and beautiful than that of Adam (as), whom Allah (swt) created very tall (like a great palm tree – sixty cubits tall).

Another aspect of their beauty is that they will have no body hair and will look as if their eyes are anointed with kohl. Each of them will enter Paradise aged thirty-three, the age of strength, vitality and youth. The Prophet (sa) further mentioned that the people of Jannah will never need sleep, nor will they ever spit, blow their noses or excrete. Everything that an individual will do there is for their pure pleasure. They will eat and drink there not because of hunger or thirst, but just out of pleasure and enjoyment that they derive from it.

Food and Drink

There will be an abundant and myriad supply of food available: fowl, fruits, cakes, honey and everything that your heart desires (Al-Waqiah 56:32-33). One of the delights that the people of Jannah will enjoy will be that its fruits are similar in appearance, but different in taste. There will be a never-ending supply of fruits, whose season will never end. Also, the fruits of the trees will be low-hanging, within easy reach of the people of Paradise: “And the shade thereof is close upon them, and the bunches of fruit thereof will hang low within their reach.” (Al-Insan 76:14)

The believers will recline on raised thrones that are encrusted with gold and precious stones. (Al-Waqiah 56:15) There will be green, comfortable cushions and rich, beautiful carpets. While leisurely lounging among relatives and friends, the believers will be served by special servants, whose purpose is only to serve and please. They will cater to every need and whim of the immortal inhabitants and never get tired of serving them. They will be served wine in chalices of crystal and silver. (Al-Insan 76:15)

The most honoured treasures of Allah (swt) will be visible to the inhabitants of Jannah, such as the fountain of Salsabil, the stream of Kauthar and the spring of Kafur. People, who drink from these, will experience unimaginable delights and purest of pleasures. A drink from the fountain of Tasneem is reserved for the best people in Jannah. The glasses of wine will be filled from clear flowing fountains of Salsabil and Kafur. (Al-Insan 76:5,18) This wine will have the sweetest taste and will never cause intoxication or make you sick. (Al-Waqiah 56:19)  


People of Paradise will live in palaces and mansions made from pearls. Each house in Jannah is made from a single, hollowed-out pearl and is sixty miles high. (Bukhari) There also will be no night or day in Paradise; rather, there will be an eternal everlasting light.

The weather will also be prefect. It won’t be too hot or too cold. The lives of believers will be eternal bliss. They will never experience boredom and will rejoice in the company of their parents, wives and children (provided they were permitted to Jannah). They will converse about how Allah (swt) has blessed them by admitting them to Paradise, and recall their past lives.

There will also be pure pleasure companions called Hoors that will provide their companions with endless delights. (As-Saffat 37:48) People will be dressed in garments of fine silk and heavy brocade and will wear gold bracelets. (Al-Kahf 18:31) People will be able to attend exquisite banquets, go to Bazars for shopping and travel if they wish.

Jannah is everyone’s dream – it will provide its inhabitants unimaginable joy and happiness. Greater than all these pleasures, however, is the ability to see Allah (swt). The ultimate triumph would be the opportunity to see the fantastic spectacle of indescribable light and sound beyond the highest level of Jannah.

If all of us want to achieve this amazing reward, then we need to plan for it. We never know when our time in this world and our chances to make preparations will be over. All we will have in the end is ourselves, our Iman and our actions that have been recorded by the angels. Hence, we need to be ready at all times so that we, Insha’Allah, won’t have to feel any grief when we hear our verdict.

Allah (swt) says: “Short is the enjoyment of this world. The Hereafter is (far) better for him who fears Allah…” (An-Nisa 4:77) The vivid descriptions of the Hereafter in the Quran and Ahadeeth make the believer strive harder for it. His firm belief in life after death is what helps him live a better life in this world and encourages him to do good and avoid evil.

“Truly, this is the supreme success! For the like of this let the workers work.” (As-Saffat 37:60-61)

Enrolling for Paradise

By Uzma Jawed

The following Ahadeeth of the Prophet (sa) give us quite a few hints and tips, as to how we can attain Jannah:

  • “Whoever prays twelve Rakahs during the day and night, Allah (swt) will build for him a house in Paradise – four Rakahs before Zuhr and two after it; two after Maghrib; two after Isha and two before Fajr.” (Tirmidhi)
  • “Whoever recites Ayat-ul-Kursi after each obligatory Salah, nothing stands in his way to Paradise except death.” (An-Nasai)
  • “An accepted Hajj has no reward, except Paradise.” (Ahmad)
  • The Prophet (sa) said: “If a woman dies while her husband was pleased with her, she will enter Paradise.” (Tirmidhi)
  • “Whoever can guarantee (the chastity of) what is between his jaw-bones and what is between his legs (i.e., his tongue and his private parts), I guarantee Paradise for him.” (Bukhari)
  • “Allah (swt) admitted a man into Paradise, because he was lenient in his buying, selling, paying back and in demanding his money back.” (Bukhari and An-Nisai)
  • “O people! Spread the Salam (greetings), feed (the poor and the needy), behave kindly to your blood relations, offer prayers, when others are asleep, and thus enter Paradise in peace.” (Ibn Majah)
  • Prophet Ibrahim (as) asked our Prophet Muhammad (sa) on the night of the Isra to convey his greetings to this Ummah and to tell them the way, in which they could increase their share of the trees of Paradise. The Messenger of Allah (sa) said: “I met Ibrahim… and he said: ‘O Muhammad, tell your Ummah that Paradise is a land, whose soil is good and its waters sweet. It is an empty plain, which will be planted with Subhan’Allah, Alhumdulillah and Allahu Akbar.”’ (Tirmidhi)
  • “Whoever performs Wudhu and does it properly, then lifts his gaze to the sky and says: ‘Ashhadu an la ilaha illa Allah, wahdahu la shareeka lah, wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan abdahu wa rasuluhu,’ the eight gates of Paradise will be opened to him, and he will enter it through whichever one he wishes.” (Muslim and Ahmad)
  • “In Paradise, there are eight gates, one of which is called ar-Rayyan. No one will enter it, except those who fast, and when they have entered, it will be locked behind them and no one else will enter it.” (Bukhari and Muslim)
  • Among the honours bestowed upon the martyrs will be: “…There will be placed upon his head a crown of dignity, one ruby of which is better than this world and all that is in it.” (Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah)

Dawn of Knowledge – Part 2

By Uzma Jawed

Our civilization is the product of human efforts. The seven centuries of Muslim leadership in various fields of knowledge was a significant contribution. In addition to the fields of mathematical sciences and medicine, Muslims also made outstanding and original contributions to geography, chemistry, philosophy, arts and architecture.


The scholars of Islamic Spain initially started with the geography of Al-Andalus by Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Al-Razi and descriptions of the topography of North Africa by Muhammad Ibn Yousuf Al-Warraq. Then the Muslim geographers began to study practically the whole globe (minus the Americas) from both geographical as well as climatic point of view.

During the eighth and the fifteenth centuries, numerous books were produced on the geography of Africa, Asia, India, China and the Indies. Other books were written on such specialized topics as climate and plants. These writings also included the world’s first encyclopedias, almanacs and maps. The maps included detailed and accurate features, such as the origin of the Nile, which was not discovered in the West until much later. Al-Biruni was the first known writer to identify certain geological facts. He wrote a book on geology as well as improved the measuring methods of longitudes, latitudes, heights of mountains and the diameter of the Earth.

Muslims invented the compass and guided the European navigators regarding its use. The most famous Muslim traveler was Ibn Batutah, who traveled for twenty-eight years and produced a fourteenth century masterpiece that provided vivid and detailed insights about people, places, navigation, caravan routes, roads and inns.


The very name alchemy and its derivative chemistry come from the Arabic word Al-Kimiya. Jabir Ibn Hayyan (the Latin Geber) of the eighth century had a lasting influence in Europe till the sixteenth century. He was given the title of the father of modern chemistry. He contributed greatly to the fields of pharmacology and toxicology.

Vast amount of knowledge, accumulated by Islamic alchemists and chemists, has survived over the centuries in both the East and the West. For instance, Muhammad Ibn Zakariyya Al-Razi’s divisons of material in animal, vegetable and mineral is still popular. Many words in chemistry have Arabic roots, including alkali (Al-Qaliy) and alcohol (Al-Kohl), and the chemical instrument alembic has the Arabic root Al-Anbiq.


Islamic scholars also took an avid interest in dealing with intellectual problems posed by the Greek philosophers in the context of Islam. The first one to study this was Ibn Hazm, also known as one of the giants of the intellectual history of Islam. He authored more than four hundred books.

Another great figure in Islamic philosophy is Imam Al-Ghazali. He was a professor at the Nizamiyah University, a reputed learning institute of the time. In philosophy, he believed in the approach of mathematics and exact sciences as essentially correct and used these techniques of Aristotelian logic to show the flaws of excessive rationalism. He contended that it is not possible for reason to understand the absolute and infinite. He was largely successful in creating a balance between religion and reason.

Muslim philosophers also wrote extensively on creation, God, Aristotelian thought and logic. Ibn Bajjah (known in the West as Avampace) wrote a book on how a perfect society was dependent on the inner perfection of individuals within the society. Ibn Tufayl, a physician and a philosopher, wrote the book “Hayy Ibn Yaqzan” (“Living Son of the Awake”). Ibn Khaldun, who contributed widely to the philosophy of history and sociology, wrote on how psychology, economy and the environment affected the advancement of human civilization. A Spanish-born Islamic philosopher, Ibn Rushd (Averroes), wrote about religion and philosophy in his book “Kitab Fesal Al-Makal,” as well as wrote an answer to Al-Ghazali’s works. Moreover, his scholarly commentaries on Aristotle had considerable influences on the development of Western philosophy. He was known as ‘the commentator’ during the Western middle ages and the renaissance.


The well-known Hadeeth, “Allah is beautiful and He loves beauty” (Muslim), encouraged many Islamic scholars to contribute to various social sciences. For instance, Ibn Khaldun, who was considered the most original mind of the time, generated laws, which affected the rise and decline of a civilization.

Another distinguished scholar was Ibn Al-Khatib who created more than fifty works on travel, medicine, poetry, politics and theology. Muslims also developed a stylized form of decorative handwriting called calligraphy. This calligraphic art was initially used to beautify the word of Allah (swt) in the Quran. Eventually, this art form came to use in objects, houses, mosques and architecture in general.


T.B. Irving, a prominent American Muslim and a leading expert on the Arab-Islamic period in Spanish history, writes on Islamic architecture: “… few civilizations have approached Islam’s beauties in architecture: her soaring minarets and spires, her fabled domes, her cool corridors, all reflect the yearning of Muslims, who refusing to find expression in natural depiction concentrate their energies on buildings and their embellishment.”

These works of art could be found throughout Persia, India, Turkey, Egypt and Morocco in the intricate calligraphic mosaics of mosques, tombs, houses and buildings. Certain elements were an integral part of Islamic architecture: the Mihrabs, tombstones, geometric shapes and patterns, domes, mosaics, intertwining leaf motifs and design, fountains, gardens and courtyards.

These distinctive and outstanding Islamic structures became a prototype and model for lots of other civilizations. The Chinese showed this influence in their carpets and vases. Medieval Europe also drew from Islamic architectural examples. The use of domes, arches and interior courtyards were quite prevalent in many structures, especially the Gothic cathedrals. The most well-known example is of the Notre Dame of Paris.

In Conclusion

We have in front of us the everlasting proofs of the impact of eminent Islamic scholars. This evidence is easily accessible through books, objects, famous structures and buildings. Hence, it is easy for us to comprehend them visually and physically. However, we, the current generation, need to understand them spiritually. We need to identify with their inner motivation, their self-determination and the drive that led them to such heights of success.

Their pursuit of knowledge was successful because they were equipped with strong faith, truth of the Quran and the Sunnah, and pride and confidence in Islam. They absorbed those things, which confirmed their beliefs, and immediately rejected those that did not. If we could identify with our role models of the past, we could also triumph over this period of illiteracy, which is dominated by traits like enmity, intolerance and narcissism. If we could truly transcend over this phase, we could again experience the dawn of knowledge and, Insha’Allah, with Allah’s (swt) help, rise to the golden age of Islam.

The Dawn of Knowledge – Part 1

By Uzma Jawed

In this present era, Islam is viewed as anything but a source of inspiration and enlightenment. This is despite the fact that a crucial part of Islam is to seek and attain knowledge. The Quran repeatedly invites man to observe, ponder and use his intellect to understand his surroundings:

“Do they not look at the camels, how they are created? And the heaven, how it is raised? And the mountains, how they are rooted (and fixed firm)? And the earth, how it is outspread?” (Al-Ghashiyah 88:17-20)

In addition, Prophet Muhammad (sa) placed importance on knowledge: “Seek knowledge from the cradle to the grave,” and “Verily, the men of knowledge are the inheritors of the Prophets.” (Abu Dawood and Tirmidhi)

Islamic civilization under the Abbasid dynasty experienced a Golden Age, spanning mid-eighth century to the mid-thirteenth century. The Muslim Empire encompassed present-day Iran, Syria, Iraq, Egypt, Palestine, North Africa, Spain, and parts of Turkey. The caliphate’s capital was in Baghdad, which drew people from all parts of the empire. Hence, the culture unified Arab, Persian, Egyptian and European traditions. This resulted in an era of astonishing intellectual and cultural achievements by Muslim scholars, scientists, craftsmen and traders.

The Quran and the Sunnah inspired Muslims to excel in various fields, such as mathematical sciences, medicine, geography, chemistry, philosophy, art and architecture.

In the initial stage of the Abbasid era, Muslim scholars collected the Greek scientific manuscripts and translated them into Arabic. The flexibility of the Arabic language and the richness of its terminology facilitated the translation process. All of this was carried out at the Bayt-Al-Hikmah (the house of wisdom) – a huge library and research center based in Baghdad. It became an invaluable source of information and a place, where the early scholars of Islam assembled, analyzed and extensively supplemented the Greek works.

Muslim Contributions to Mathematical Sciences and Medicine

Early Muslim scholars agreed with Aristotle that the basis of all science was mathematics. The Quran also contained several complex laws of inheritance, which could be solved through mathematical equations. So mathematics was initially focused on. Traditionally, mathematical sciences included mathematics itself, geometry, astronomy and physics.


One of the greatest Islamic mathematicians was Muhammad Ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi. He is the founder of modern algebra. In fact, the word ‘algebra’ is derived from his famous book “Hisab Al-Jabr waAl-Muqablah” (“The Calculation of Integration and Equation”). Until the sixteenth century, this became a standard text in most European universities. Al-Khwarizmi also developed the sine, cosine and trignometrical tables, which were later translated in the west. Moreover, he helped explain the Arabic numerals and the concept of zero – a number of fundamental significance to mathematics. Furthermore, he developed the decimal system, hence the numerical sequence of numbers.

Another great mathematician was Thabit Bin Qura, who developed algebra further. Abu Kamil, who also worked on algebra, was called ’the Egyptian calculator.’ Ghiyath Al-din al Kashani worked on theory of numbers and techniques of computations.


According to a North African historian, geometry was a greatly encouraged study, as it “enlightens the intelligence of the man, who cultivates it and gives him the habit of thinking exactly.” The three brothers Banu Musa, who lived in the ninth century, were probably the first outstanding Muslim geometers. Abul Wafa, also a very accomplished mathematician, wrote a book, which explained, how algebra could be used to solve geometrical problems.


Astronomy is highly valued in Islam, particularly for accurately predicting prayer times and the Islamic lunar calendar. Islamic astronomers studied eclipses, the rotation of the planets, the circumference of the Earth, the mean orbit of the Sun and the length of seasons. Abu Abdullah Al-Battani is considered to be one of the greatest Islamic astronomers. One of his discoveries was the precise estimate of the solar year, and it was very close to the modern estimates.

Muslims were also the first in establishing an astronomical observatory as a scientific institution. This was the Maragha observatory in modern-day Iran, established by Nasir Al-Din Al-Tusi. Maragha contained a library of 400,000 books and as a school of astronomy. The observatory was used as a model for the later European observatories. Al-Tusi was a Persian astronomer, who was held in high esteem, especially for discovering and explaining the difference between trigonometry and astronomy. Muslims also invented numerous astronomical instruments, the most famous being the astrolabe.


One of the most eminent physicists was Abu Al-Fath Abd Al-Rahman Al-Kahzini. He studied mechanics and hydrostats, and wrote several books on physics and astronomy. Another esteemed physicist was Abu Al-Hassan al Haitham, who made significant contributions to optics and the scientific method.


Muslims have shown an avid interest in the field of medicine since the time of the Prophet (sa), who said that there existed a cure for every disease. A major medical achievement in Islam was the establishment of a hospital for lepers in Damascus. This was the first of its kind, and it was a huge accomplishment, since lepers in Europe were condemned and burnt by royal decree. Also, many advanced hospitals and clinics were built in the Muslim Empire during the ninth century, which included also pharmacies, libraries, lecture rooms for medical students and separate wards for men and women.

One of the greatest Muslim physicians was Ibn Sina (Avicenna). He was called the ‘prince of physicians’ in the West. He wrote 246 books on many subjects. His most famous book was titled “Al-Qanun fi Al-Tibb” (“The Canon of Medicine”), the chief medical guide throughout Europe until the seventeenth century. Dr. William Osler, the author of “The Evolution of Modern Science,” stated: “The Qanun has remained a medical Bible for a longer period than any other work.” Ibn Sina discovered many drugs and identified several diseases such as diabetes, mellitus, and meningitis. He also recognized the contagious nature of tuberculosis and made notable contributions to anatomy, gynecology, child health and the interaction between health and psychology.

Abu Bakr Muhammad Ibn Zakariya Al-Razi, known as Rhazes, was the most prolific Muslim doctor, whose accomplishments were probably second only to Ibn Sina. He wrote more than 200 books on such subjects as pharmacy and chemistry. His major contribution was a 20-volume encyclopedia, titled “Al-Hawi” (“the Continence”). He headed the first Royal Hospital at Ray, Iran, and discovered treatments for kidney and bladder stones. He was the first to use opium for anesthesia and the first to introduce alcohol for medical purposes. Moreover, he conducted research on small pox, measles, hereditary diseases and eye diseases.

Another exceptional Islamic physician was Hunayn Ibn Ishaq, who headed the famous school of translation in Baghdad and wrote the first systematic textbook on ophthalmology. Yuhannah Ibn Masawayh was another great physician, who authored books on fevers, headaches, nutrition and sterility in women. Abul Qasim Al-Zahrawi, a renowned surgeon, attracted patients and students from all over the Muslim Empire as well as Europe. Known as Albucasis in the West, he wrote a medical encyclopedia on surgical knowledge and illustrated 200 surgical instruments. This encyclopedia was used as a standard reference book in universities in Europe for about five centuries. He performed many delicate operations and was the first to use silk thread for stitching wounds.

It is usually a foregone conclusion that medicine was developed by Western minds. However, Harvard’s George Sentors says that modern science is entirely an Islamic development. A lot of European physicians, such as Johann Weger, were taught the medical studies of Ibn Sina and ar-Razi. In this way, Muslim scholars contributed to every scientific field and were widely used as sources in the early Western schools of learning. As Dr. Ahmed stated in a live dialogue on Islam Online: “The contributions of Muslims scientists in the pre-renaissance era accelerated the renaissance by at least 100 years in Europe.”

The accomplishments of all the above mentioned Muslim scholars were many. However, it was not only their contributions that made them so successful. It was their source of inspiration, the Quran and the Sunnah, combined with firm belief in their faith that laid the foundations for modern awakening.

For all the aspiring scholars out there, this quotation by Khawarizmi can be truly inspirational: “That fondness for science… that affability and condescension, which God shows to the learned, that promptitude, with which He protects and supports them in the elucidation of obscurities and in the removal of difficulties, has encouraged me to compose a short work on calculating by Al-Jabr [algebra] and Al-Muqabala, confining it to what is easiest and most useful in arithmetic.”

Contributions of the early Muslims were so vivid, abundant and diverse that this article has barely been able to give them the credit they so richly deserve. Contributions of Muslims to the fields of geography, chemistry, philosophy, art and architecture will be discussed in the successive article.

Islamic Products for Kids

By Uzma Jawed

Are you looking for good Islamic products for children? “Goodword Kids Publishers” has the answer for you. They offer a wide range of products, which guarantee that children will be able to explore their creativity by enjoying educational tools based on sound Quranic teachings.

 “Quran Story Puzzles”

(2 – 6 years)

A collection of six puzzles in a single box. The bright colors of these puzzles will appeal to small children. Puzzles will keep them interested and will trigger their curiosity. The back of the main box shows the reach pictures for puzzles along with the narrations of the stories from the Quran.

 “Quran Challenge Game: A Fun Way to Learn About the Quran”

(8 years and older)

This game is a rare find for challenging the mind. As a dynamic and highly effective learning tool, this game provides an ingenious way for students of all ages to learn about the Quran. The questions of the game come directly from the Quran and, hence, offer to the participants the opportunity to attain Quranic knowledge through an entertaining learning process.

 “Tell Me About …” series

(8 years and older)

“Tell Me About…” series are a great way to learn about the Islamic world. They contain lots of interesting facts on such Islamic topics as the creation, Islamic history, Hajj and the lives of prophets. The books in these series are written by different authors; however, all the authors convey the diverse Islamic aspects in a simple, informative style with wonderful illustrations.

 “Islamic Fun Book” series

(7 – 10 years)

The interactive “Islamic Fun Book” series books are successful in appealing to young children. The books contain creative activities that can help convey Islamic beliefs and practices in an effective and playful manner. Ramadan, Hajj, Salah, Quran and the Holy Prophet (sa) are some of the covered topics.

 “Children’s Stories from the Quran: Coloring Books”

(2 – 6 years)

These unique coloring books contain fascinating Quranic stories. This resourceful tool is a perfect way for communicating Islamic messages to young children – they learn the Quranic stories even without realizing it! The books feature simple read-aloud text, which is easy to follow and understand, along with lucid and engaging pictures.

The “Goodword Kids” products are available at “Liberty” bookstore as well as other bookstores around the country. They can also be purchased online:

 “A Guide for Mankind”

Noor-e-Quran CDs:

Complete recitation of the Holy Quran with Urdu translation

A resourceful tool, which makes the Quran easy to understand and follow. The Noor-e-Quran audio CDs consist of Arabic recitation from Traweeh prayers by Imam-e-Kabaa Sheikh Abdul-Rehman-Al-Sudais, Al-Sheikh-Saud-Al-Sareem. The Urdu translation has been done by Maulana Fateh Muhammad Jalendhari and is in Shamshad Ali Khan’s voice.

This 30-CD set is intended to help listeners go through the Quran at a clear and measured pace. It is ideal for those, who want to improve their recitation of the Quran, as well as those, who do not speak Arabic, but want to take it a step further for actually understanding, what the Quran is trying to communicate. The voices of the Imams of Masjid Al-Haram make you feel as if you are in Makkah – the listening experience becomes more sacred, and the listener draws closer to Allah (swt).

Presented by: “Sonic Enterprises” (Karachi, Pakistan)

Phone: 2441883-6

Fax: 2434350

Manufactured by: Amin Sona (Karachi, Pakistan)

Umm Salamah (rta)

By Uzma Jawed

An exemplary and prominent figure, who has been conspicuous in our rich Islamic history, is one of the Ummahat Al-Mumineen, the ‘Mothers of the Faithful.’ Her name was Umm Salamah (rta). A detailed biographical sketch by Dr. Qadri mentioned that her real name was Hind. She was first married to her cousin Abdullah Bin Abdul Asad Makhzumi, who was better known as Abu Salamah (rta). They were among the first ones to embrace Islam.

They were also among those, who migrated to Abyssinia (Ethiopia), where they had their first son Salamah (rta). After returning to Makkah, they migrated to Madinah. She was the first Muslim woman to do so. After reaching Madinah, Umm Salamah (rta) had another son and two daughters. In 4 A.H., Abu Salamah (rta) was seriously wounded in the battle of Uhud, and she became a widow while pregnant with her second daughter.

After the Iddat, Abu Bakr (rta) proposed to her, but she declined. After that, the Prophet (sa), who was well aware of Umm Salamah’s (rta) sense of honour and self-respect, proposed to her. According to “Great Women in Islam” by Mahmood Ghadanfar, Umm Salamah (rta) did not decline the offer but replied with reservations. She told him that she was very sensitive, of old age and had several children. The Prophet (sa) answered that they would pray to Allah (swt) to relieve her from this extreme sensitivity. As far as age was concerned, he told her that he was an elderly man himself. Moreover, regarding the children, he wished to be their guardian. Therefore, Umm Salamah (rta) accepted the proposal and was wedded to Prophet Muhammad (sa).

A Muslim woman can succeed the most, if she follows the best women in the best generation, which were nurtured in the best house – that of the Prophet (sa). So let us learn from Umm Salamah (rta), who was known for her patience, perseverance, valor, generosity, wisdom, and intelligence.

Patience & Perseverance

When Umm Salamah (rta) was about to migrate from Makkah to Madinah with Abu Salamah (rta) and their son, her family intercepted them, refusing to let their daughter accompany him. The members of her husband’s clan said to Umm Salamah’s (rta) family that if that were the case, then their son Salamah would remain with his father. Thus, all three of them underwent the pain of living separately. Yet, in the face of such harassment, Umm Salamah (rta) persevered and kept to the right path she had chosen.


Upon the separation from her husband and son, Umm Salamah (rta) would every day go on a hillock longing and praying for them. Eventually, her prayers were answered and a kindhearted man from her clan interceded on her behalf and helped reunite her with them with her family’s permission. She traveled to Madinah alone, as nobody from her family was willing to accompany her. Usman Ibn Talhah saw her traveling alone with a baby and decided to help her reach her destination safely. Her complete faith and trust in Allah (swt) did not deter her from the long and hazardous journey. And because of her courage and absolute trust in Allah (swt) she was able to overcome all odds and complete the journey.


Umm Salamah (rta) was well known for her generosity. She never sent a beggar or needy person empty-handed. There was an incident, when a few destitutes came and begged persistently for alms. Umm Hasan, who was with Umm Salamah (rta) at that time, reprimanded them. Umm Salamah (rta) stopped her saying: “We were not ordered to do that. Do not let them go empty-handed. Even if there is nothing, give them at least a date.”


Umm Salamah (rta) was very astute and had a unique understanding of human psychology. After the truce of Hudaybiyah, the Prophet (sa) ordered his Companions to sacrifice their animals and shave their heads. But they all seemed reluctant to obey the command of the Prophet (sa), as the terms of the treaty did not favour Muslims, and this angered the Prophet (sa). When Umm Salamah (rta) heard of this, she suggested to the Prophet (sa) to offer the rituals himself first, and then the others would follow. She proved to be right.


In ‘Biography of the Women Companions of the Holy Prophet (sa),’ Maulana Nadvi says: “Regarding intellectual qualities and scholarship, no one excelled Umm Salamah (rta) and Aisha (rta). Both the great ladies were a store house of the traditions of the Holy Prophet (sa) as vouchsafed by Mahmud son of Labeed in Tabeqat Ibn-Sa’ad.”

Umm Salamah (rta) preserved many prophetic traditions. She enhanced her knowledge by thoroughly inquiring about every facet of religion and then spreading that knowledge. Abu Hurairah (rta) and Abdullah Ibn Abbbas (rta), despite their great knowledge of Islam, would consult with Umm Salamah (rta) in many finer points of the Shariah. In the science of Hadeeth, she narrated approximately 378 traditions of the Prophet (sa).

Moreover, she was well versed in jurisprudence. The great scholar Allam Ibn Qayyim says that from her rulings on various issues, one whole book of jurisprudence can be compiled. In addition, Umm Salamah (rta) topped the list of the Companions, whose judgments on points of law were regarded as valid.

Umm Salamah (rta) was an outstanding Muslim woman. Her exemplary lifestyle is something each one of us can learn from. If we try to emulate her in every aspect of our lives starting from matters of religion and submission to Allah (swt) and His Messenger (sa) to our innate self (including our conduct and character), we could truly be on the way to success in this world as well as the Hereafter.

Just how Harmful is Anger to one’s Health?

By Uzma Jawed

It’s extremely hot, the car’s air-condition isn’t working, and you are stuck in traffic. The traffic slowly starts moving, but for some reason the car in front of you doesn’t. You slowly feel the tension build up, and you start honking and screaming at the car in front of you. Later, when you walk across a busy street, someone bumps into you accidentally, and you start screaming and pushing that person.

We all face situations like this. Everyone feels angry at times due to life stresses, such as financial problems, marital problems, health problems, etc. For some, if anger occurs too frequently, lasts too long or intensifies, it can affect them physically, mentally, spiritually, and psychologically.

Anger is a powerful emotion, and a myriad of research shows that it can have disparaging results on human health. It can impair our cardiovascular system, have an impact on our immune system, brain, weight, and even cause skin and hair problems.

Cardiovascular system

In his book “Forgive for Good,” Dr. Frederic Luskin says that certain enzymes are released during anger and stress, which causes cholesterol and blood pressure levels to go up. Sue Meyers, a family sociologist, explains in her article that anger triggers the body’s ‘fight or flight’ response. This causes the adrenal glands to release stress hormones, such as adrenaline and cortisol. The brain then diverts the blood away from the gut towards the major muscle groups. This causes heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration to increase. Furthermore, at times of anger, pulse rate rises above its normal level leading to higher blood pressure in the arteries, hence, causing a greater chance of a heart attack.

An article called “Anger is Hostile to Your Heart,” published in the Harvard Gazette, further proved that irritable old men had three times the risk of heart disease than their more steady peers. Moreover, the journal Psychosomatic Medicine suggested that anger and hostility can provoke the creation of inflammatory proteins, which may, in turn, cause the hardening of the arteries, causing heart disease and stroke.

Scientists of the John Hopkins University at Baltimore have also found that short-tempered men have a higher risk of heart attack, even if there is no family history of health problem.

Immune system

Our immune system also becomes more vulnerable at times of stress, since the rush of cortisol overpowers the white blood cells and makes them less responsive to pathogens, hence, increasing chances of bacterial and viral infections. Researchers at the Ohio State University College of Medicine state that chronic stress delays wound healing from 24% to 40%.


When cortisol and insulin escalate during periods of stress, so does our desire for food. We crave more carbohydrates and sugary foods, as they temporarily reduce the stress levels. As the levels of cortisol remain high even when stress levels go down, we tend to keep eating, even if we are not hungry. As a result – we get fat.

Skin / Hair

The article “Distress Signals” in the Weekend also mentions that anger and stress can release hormones that fuel the overproduction of the sebaceous gland. This can result in hair loss as well as dull and lifeless hair. The oiliness produced by these glands can also block pores, hence, causing pimples and acne.

Psychological symptoms

Some psychological and behavioral symptoms that have also been correlated to anger include: panic attacks, reactive depression, confusion, tearfulness, irritability, and obsession. These are the results of an imbalance of brain chemicals called neurotransmitters. Hence, if a person does not identify the root of his anger for controlling or redirecting it, he can cause great damage to himself and others around him.

Medicine for Anger

Avoid being too sensitive to provocation. Divert yourself.

“Speak, when you are angry, and you will make the best speech you will ever regret.” This quote by Ambrose Bierce shows us the advantages of controlling our anger and temper, and redirecting our mind from upsetting feelings. In this way, we can have peace of mind instead of a conflict. An effective method, which Prophet Muhammad (sa) once taught a man, was to take a sip of water and not swallow it, while he was angry with his wife. A couple of months later, the man came back to the Prophet (sa) and told him that it had worked.

We should be quick to listen and slow to speak. As we have two ears and one mouth, we should use them proportionally.

If you feel out of control, walk away from the situation, until you cool down.

Try to identify the problem and think of possible strategies to solve the situation.

Use relaxation techniques, such as meditation, yoga, or reading a book.

Do regular exercise, as this will help increase your tolerance level.

Inspiration from the Quran 

It has also been revealed in the Quran that forgiveness is a superior moral trait: “And verily, whosoever shows patience and forgives, that would tryly be from the things recommended by Allah.” (Ash-Shura 42:43)

For that reason, believers are forgiving, compassionate, and tolerant people “who repress anger, and who pardon men.” (Al-Imran 3:134)

“Let them pardon and forgive. Do you not love that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (An-Nur 24:22)

“The recompense for an evil is an evil like thereof; but whoever forgives and makes reconciliation, his reward is with Allah.” (Ash-Shura 42:40)

“But if you pardon (them) and overlook, and forgive (their faults), then verily Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (At-Taghabun 64: 14)

One of the divine attributes of Allah (swt) is patience. The Quran says: “…and be patient. Surely, Allah is with those who are As-Sabirun (the patient).” (Al-Anfal 8:46)

Sabr in Arabic has a richer meaning than the word patience. It means to stop oneself from despairing and panicking. Additionally, it means to stop one’s tongue from complaining and controlling one’s rage in times of stress. As Javed Mohammad, the author of “Riding the Roller Coaster,” elaborates, it encompasses holding back, as well as moving forward with courage and perseverance.

Conclusively anger is detrimental to a person’s physical health as well as spiritual being. The myth of ‘letting out the steam’ is just that – a myth. It has never helped anyone stay in good shape and acquire a positive frame of mind. So just get rid of those angry thoughts that instigate negative reactions. There is so much more to do than waste precious moments of life!