Atoms, too small to be seen with the naked eye, are made up of a nucleus and electrons revolving around that nucleus.
Since the proton constituting the nucleus is positively charged and the neutron is uncharged, the nucleus itself is always positively charged. The electrons that revolve around the nucleus one million times per second are always negatively charged.
One of the most important characteristics that makes atoms so magnificent is the endless revolution of the electrons.
The electrons in the atom, that never cease to exist since the moment of their creation, continue to revolve uninterruptedly at the same speed, no matter how much time passes or what substance they are a part of.
Every atom has a different number of electrons. For example, there is just one electron in a hydrogen atom, two in a helium atom and 92-ninety two in a uranium atom.
These electrons revolve in seven separate orbits. In heavy atoms, some 100-hundred electrons are distributed among these seven orbits. Scores of electrons revolve at an extraordinary speed in the same orbit, or even cross between orbits, yet they never collide.
This is one of the most amazing aspects of electrons. Not one of the hundred or so electrons in seven different orbits, revolving a million times a second, ever collides with another, goes off course or slows down. Each maintains its glorious movement on its own path in a stunning harmony and has done so since the creation of the universe.
Not one of the hundred or so electrons in seven different orbits, revolving a million times a second, ever collides with another, goes off course or slows down.
There is another amazing point here. In order for electrons to have different orbits they should have different masses, just like the planets. But all electrons have the same mass and size. It is as yet unknown why the energy levels of these identical particles are different and why they travel in different orbits.
Electrons assume their places in their orbits with a special command and change places when necessary in the same way. They are specially protected and thus never collide because they are under the sole control of Almighty Allah (swt), Who created and watches over them at every moment.
Every atom created over the last 15-fifteen billion years maintains that same wondrous order.
For 15 billion years, not a single electron has followed the wrong orbit, changed speed or collided with another electron because every electron is within the knowledge of our Lord and acts by His command. That is why, in terms of knowledge and creation, everything from the giant galaxies to the invisible world inside the atom is all one and the same. They all came into being by our Lord Allah (swt) commanding them to “Be!”
“Verily! Our Word unto a thing when We intend it, is only that We say unto it: “Be!” and it is.” (An- Nahl 16:40)