Celebrating the Night of the Isra and Miraj on 27th Rajab

sunnah-atau-bidahBy Shaykh Abdul-Aziz ibn Baz

Adapted and Summarized from a detailed Fatwa on islam-qa.com

There is no doubt that the Isra and Miraj (the Prophet’s night journey and ascent into heaven) are two great signs of Allah which point to the truthfulness of the His Messenger, Muhammad (sa), and the greatness of his status before Allah. They are also signs of the great power of Allah, and of His exalted position above His creation. Allah says:

“Exalted is He who took His Servant by night from al-Masjid al-Haram to al-Masjid al-Aqsa, whose surroundings We have blessed, to show him of Our signs. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Seeing.” (al-Isra 17:1)

There are Mutawatir reports from the Messenger of Allah (sa) that he was taken up into the heavens, and their gates were opened for him, until he passed beyond the seventh heaven, where his Lord spoke to him as He willed, and enjoined the five daily prayers upon him.

With regard to this night on which the Isra and Miraj took place, there is nothing in sound Ahadeeth to indicate that it occurred in Rajab or in any other month. Everything that has been narrated concerning a specific date for these events cannot be proven to have come from the Prophet (sa) according to the scholars of Hadeeth.

Allah has wise reasons for causing the people to forget it. Even if the date was proven, it would not be permissible for the Muslims to single it out for particular acts of worship, and it is not permissible for them to celebrate it, because the Prophet (sa) and his companions (may Allah be pleased with them) did not celebrate it and they did not single it out in any way. If celebrating it was something that is prescribed in Islam, the Messenger (sa) would have told his Ummah about that, either in word or in deed.

Since no such thing happened, it is known that celebrating it and venerating it is not part of Islam at all. Allah has perfected this Ummah’s religion for it and has completed His favour upon them, and He condemns those who introduce things into the religion which Allah has not ordained.

In sound Ahadeeth, it is proven that the Messenger of Allah (sa) warned against Bidah (innovation) and stated clearly that it is misguidance, so as to show the Ummah how serious the matter is.

For example, the Prophet (sa) said: “Whoever introduces anything into this matter of ours that is not part of it will have it rejected.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

Narrated Jabir (ra): The Messenger of Allah (sa) used to say in his sermon on Friday: “The best of speech is the Book of Allah and the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (sa). The worst of matters are those which are newly-invented, and every innovation is a going astray.” (Muslim)

Warnings against Bidah (innovation) have been narrated from the companions of the Messenger of Allah (sa) and from the righteous Salaf after them, because this is no more than adding things to the religion and instituting a religion that Allah has not ordained. It also implies that there is something lacking in Islam, and that it is not complete, and it is well known that this leads to great mischief and evil, and goes against the following verse:

“This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.” (al-Maidah 5:3)

It also goes against the Ahadeeth of the Messenger (sa) which warn against innovation (Bidah).

I hope that the evidence we have quoted will be sufficient to convince the seeker of truth that this Bidah is wrong, i.e., the innovation of celebrating the night of the Isra and Miraj, and that it is not part of the religion of Islam at all.

Because Allah has enjoined being sincere towards the Muslims and explaining what Allah has prescribed for them in their religion, and because it is Haram to conceal knowledge, I thought that I should point out this innovation. It is so widespread in many regions that people think it is part of the religion.

Allah is the One Whom we ask to set the affairs of all the Muslims straight, and to bless them with knowledge of Islam, and to help us and them to adhere steadfastly to the truth, and to forsake everything that goes against it, for He is able to do that. May Allah send blessings and peace upon His slave and Messenger, our Prophet Muhammad (sa), and his family and companions.

Months and More

Sabahat Anwar explores the meanings, significance and historical background of Islamic months

Jumâda-ul-Awwal- 5th month of the Islamic calendar


Jumad means ‘freezing’. When the months were being named, this month fell during winter – when water freezes; hence it was named Jumadal Ula.

Jumâda-ath-Thani- 6th month of the Islamic calendar


This month occurred towards the end of winter – when water freezes, hence it was named Jumadal Akhir.


No ibadat has been specified for the above two months, but as mentioned before, fasts on Mondays and Thursdays, when gates of Paradise are opened and on Ayaam-e-Bidh (13th, 14th and 15th of each month) should be observed as per Prophet Muhammad’s (saw) practice.

Rajab – 7th month of the Islamic calendar

Allah with His perfect wisdom and knowledge has chosen and preferred some days and months to others. He states in Quran: “Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year), so it was ordained by Allah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are Sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein…” (At-Taubah 9:36)

The names of these four months, of which Rajab is one, are mentioned in the following Hadeeth:

Abu Bakrah (rta) reported that the Prophet (sa) gave his Farewell Sermon and said: “Time has completed its cycle and is as it was on the Day when Allah created the heavens and the earth. The year is twelve months, of which four are sacred, three consecutive months – Dhul-Qa’da, Dhul-Hijja and Muharram – and the Rajab of Mudar which comes between Jumaada and Sha’ban.” (Sahih Muslim and Sahih Bukhari)


Rajab has the following meanings:

  1. To ‘respect’: Since the Arab tribe of Mudar respected and venerated this month a lot, they named it ‘Rajab’ (of Mudar).
  2. It is the name of a river in Jannah in which exceptionally sweet water, whiter than milk, flows. Fasting in this month will, Insha’Allah, enable us to have the honour of drinking from this river.

A year before migration, in the month of Rajab, the Prophet (sa) made a miraculous journey on a white winged animal, ‘Al-Buraq’, up through the seven heavens and into the presence of Allah – all in one night. This journey is known as ‘Mairaj’. Allah gave the Prophet (sa) three gifts on this occasion:

  1. The ending Ayats (last Ruku) of Surah Baqarah.
  2. The good news of salvation to those of his Ummah who do not commit Shirk.
  3. The compulsory five times Salâh. This is the only act of worship, from among the pillars of Islam, which was made obligatory before the Hijrah. It’s a miraculous gift for Muslims – a chance to be near Allah as the Prophet (sa) was on that miraculous night.


Despite beliefs to the contrary, learned scholars say that nowhere in the Sunnah do we find that the Prophet (sa) fasted on the twenty-seventh of Rajab. No Ibadah has been specified for this month.

The Prophet (sa) also did not fast for three consecutive months (i.e., Rajab, Sha’ban and Ramadan) as some people do, and he never fasted Rajab at all, nor did he encourage people to fast this month. (related by Imam ibn al Qayyim)

Sacrifices should not be made because of the month of Rajab either. The Prophet (sa) said, “Offer sacrifices, no matter which month is it…” (Abu Dawood, Al-Nasai and Ibn- Majah)