The Prophet’s (sa) Hajj

Prophet's HajjReinforcement of Tauheed

Tauheed is one of the fundamental principles of Islam that the Prophet (sa) realized and fostered. During the Hajj, he continued to recite Talbiyah (saying, “Labbaik Allah Humma Labbaik”) from the moment he began the ritual, until he had cast Jamratul Aqaba (Aqaba stone) on the slaughter day.

Supplications to Allah

Supplications have special status in Islam, as they aim at expressing total surrender to Allah. The Prophet (sa) said: “Supplication is worship.” (Abu Dawood) During the Hajj, he used to say more supplications than at any other time. He also offered lengthy supplications on the day of Arafat, while riding his camel and by raising his hands close to his chest, as if he were a poor man begging for charity.

Performing good deeds

The Prophet (sa) performed Ghusl before assuming Ihram, wore perfume upon assuming and ending it (Bukhari), and marked and garlanded the Hadiy. (Bukhari) He started Tawaf as soon as he entered Al-Bait (Bukhari), walked briskly, touched the two corners of the Kabah, offered two Rakahs of Tawaf behind Maqam Ibrahim (Muslim), supplicated to Allah on the hills of Safa and Marwah, ran in the middle of the valley, and did Dhikr upon touching the two corners and while throwing the Jamarat. (Bukhari)

Moderation in acts of worship

Islam encourages moderation and censures exaggeration. In fact, equanimity was the most significant attitude of the Prophet (sa) during the Hajj. He adopted a happy medium between his acts of worship (Bukhari) and his responsibilities as a leader of the Muslims. However, he did not neglect his duties to his wives, who needed care and affection.

Physical well-being

The Prophet (sa) equally cared for his body and soul. The awe-inspiring surroundings of the Hajj may compel to observe only the spiritual, entirely forgetting the physical. On Tarwiyah day, the Prophet (sa) moved closer to Mina, in order to be nearer to Arafat (Muslim), slept during the nights of Arafat and Muzdalifah (Bukhari), took breakfast on the day of Arafat (Bukhari), but did not offer supererogatory prayers. (Muslim) He took shelter in a dome made from camel hair, erected especially for him, moved between the sacred sites (Bukhari) and performed some of the Hajj rituals, while riding his camel. (Muslim) Furthermore, he even had someone to serve and help him. (Ibn Majah)

Role as an educator

Allah sent the Prophet (sa) as an educator to make people’s lives and acts of worship easier. Undoubtedly, he excelled in his mission. He publicly announced his intention to perform the Hajj, in order to give those, who wished to accompany him, an opportunity to prepare themselves for the journey. The crowds flocked to Madinah, hoping to learn from the Prophet (sa). (Muslim) The Prophet (sa) ordered Muslims to learn the Hajj rituals from him and made it clear that this could be his last Hajj. (Bukhari)

Giving Fatwas

Giving of Fatwas (religious verdicts) was among the most important tasks that the Prophet (sa) performed during the Hajj. A famous Fatwa was given to a woman from the Khatham tribe, who asked, if she could perform the Hajj on behalf of her aging father. She said: “He cannot ride his camel.” The Prophet (sa) replied: “Perform the Hajj on his behalf.” (Bukhari)

Matters concerning women

Aisha (rta) narrated: “I asked Allah’s Messenger (sa): ‘Is Jihad incumbent upon women?’ He replied: ‘Yes, Jihad which does not include fighting is incumbent upon them, it is the Hajj and the Umrah’.” (Bukhari)

Ibn Abbas (sa) narrated: “I heard Prophet Muhammad (sa) addressing and saying: ‘A man must not be alone with a woman, unless when a man who is a Mahram (a relative she is so closely related to that marriage is not possible) is with her and a woman must travel only when accompanied by a man who is a Mahram.’ A man stood up and said: ‘O Allah’s Messenger, my wife intends to go out to perform the Hajj, and I have been enrolled for such and such expedition.’ Thereupon he said: ‘Go and perform the Hajj with your wife’.” (Muslim)

Prophet’s (sa) mercy

The Prophet’s (sa) mercy was always evident. He ordered those, who did not offer Hadiy, to end their state of Ihram completely – this permitted them to have intimate relations with their wives, to be dressed in normal clothes, and to wear perfume. (Muslim) He combined Asr and Zuhr prayers at Arafat (Bukhari) and delayed his prayers, when he moved to Muzdalifah (Bukhari), thereby making it easier for people to perform rituals. He gave permission to the weak to move from Muzdalifa ahead of the rest of the pilgrims at night, right after the moon would set. Thus, on slaughter day, they were able to perform their rituals easily before the others. (Bukhari)

Prophet’s (sa) generosity

The Prophet (sa) was so generous in giving alms and charity that he gave away one hundred Badanas (sacrificial camels), including their meat, hides, and coverings. (Muslim) He also donated in other charities on many occasions. (Bukhari)

Prophet’s (sa) leniency

The Prophet’s (sa) showed exemplary leniency, while in Hajj. “Seeing a man walking and leading his sacrificial camel, the Prophet (sa) said to him: ‘Ride on it’. The man replied: ‘It is a Badana.’ The Prophet (sa) said the second and third time: ‘Ride on it, woe to you’. (Muslim)

The Hajj is not a momentary act of worship that begins with a journey and ends once a Muslim returns home. On the contrary, it is a trial to show that the spirituality earned in the Hajj will be brought back home and implemented in the Muslim’s daily life.

In the sermon delivered on the Day of Arafat, the Prophet (saw) urged pilgrims to hold on to the Quran as the only way to deliverance from sins. “I have left you with the Quran,” he said: “you will never go astray, if you adhere to it.” (Ibn Majah) Now, it is a challenge for all Muslims to obey this advice and bring about a metamorphosis, leading to enrichment and positive transformation of the Muslim Ummah.

#WhoIsMuhammad – Tributes of Non-Muslims

It is amazing to note that even prominent non-Muslims like Gandhi, Michael Hart, Annie Bessant, Thomas Carlyle, Leo Tolstoy, and George Bernand Shaw have paid glowing tributes to Prophet Muhammad (sa). We are posting here an amazing series we found scattered over the Internet. Though we tried our best, we could not ascertain who has made these images. If you have any information about who to credit these images to, please leave a message in the comments section.

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The Treaty of Hudaibiyah


Islam7The treaty of Hudaibiyah is undoubtedly an excellent example of the Prophet’s (sa) wisdom and patience, which people even like  Umar (rta) could not comprehend until its fruits were ripe within the next two years.  Patience, in fact, is our best friend in all situations and it has been proven time and again.

Six years had passed since the emigration of the Prophet (saw) and his companions from Makkah to Madinah. During this whole period they were barred from going to Makkah and fulfilling their religious duty. This was indeed a great injustice by the Quraish and every Muslim felt its pain.

It was at that time, when Muslims had very strong desire to visit the Kabah and perform pilgrimage; Muhammad (saw) informed them of his vision of visiting Makkah for performing the Umrah. One can easily imagine how joyous the Muslims must have been to know this.

However, their jubilation was to be very short-lived. Quraish mobilized an army, including a cavalry force of two hundred, to prevent the Muslims’ religious march to Makkah.  Muslims had to encamp at a place called Hudaibiyah and negotiate with the Quraish.  After a few rounds of talks, following treaty was signed:

  1. The Muslims shall return this time and come back next year, but they shall not stay in Makkah for more than three days.
  2. They shall not come back armed but can bring with them swords only sheathed in scabbards and kept in bags.
  3. War activities shall be suspended for ten years, during which both parties will live in full security.
  4. If anyone from Quraish goes over to Muhammad (saw) without his guardian’s permission, he should be sent back to Quraish, but should any of Muhammad’s (saw) followers return to Quraish, he shall not be sent back.
  5. All the tribes of Arabia would be free to enter into treaty with any party – the Muslims or the Quraish.

Apparently, the treaty was in favour of the Quraish and most of the Muslims were critical of its terms. Even such a great man as Umar (rta) lost his patience and went to Muhammad (saw) and complained to him with anger and resentment, but could not alter the Prophet’s (saw) determination..The Prophet’s (saw) said that he was the servant of Allah (swt) and His Prophet and that he would not deviate from the divine commandment nor entertain any doubt of divine support.

On their way home between Makkah and Madinah, Surah “Al Fath” was revealed to the Prophet (saw) and he recited it to his companions. “Verily, We have given you a manifest victory. That Allah may forgive you your sins of the past and the future, and complete His favour on you, and guide you on the straight path.” (Al-Fath 48:1-2)

History has shown that this pact was the product of profound political wisdom and farsightedness and that it brought about consequences of great advantage to Islam and indeed to Arabia as a whole. It was the first time that Quraish acknowledged that Muhammad (saw) was an equal rather than a mere rebel and runaway tribesman. It was the first time that Makkah acknowledged the Islamic state that was rising in Arabia.

Furthermore, the peace of the following years gave Muslims the security they needed on their southern flank without fear of an invasion from Quraish.

Islam spread after this treaty more widely and quickly than it had ever spread before. While those who accompanied Muhammad (saw) to Hudaibiyah counted one thousand and four hundred, those who accompanied him on his conquest of Makkah two years later counted well over ten thousand. Indeed, the treaty even made it possible two months later for Muhammad (saw) to begin to address himself to the kings and chiefs of foreign states and invite them to join Islam.

Events succeeded one another very rapidly, all of which confirmed Muhammad’s (saw) judgment and wisdom. Abu Basir (rta) became a Muslim and escaped from Makkah to Madinah. Obviously, the provisions of the treaty applied to him and demanded his return to the Quraish, for he had not obtained the permission of his master. Two messengers came to the Prophet (saw) with a letter from Makkah. The Prophet (saw) asked Abu Basir (rta) to return as they had covenanted with the Quraish to honour the Treaty of Hudaibiyah. Abu Basir (rta) objected to the Prophet (saw) that the unbelievers would force him to apostatize. The Prophet (saw), however, repeated the same judgment to him. Abu Basir (rta) had, therefore, to give himself up to the two messengers.

On their way back,  Abu Basir (rta) killed one of the messengers. The other quickly ran toward Madinah and reported the incident to Prophet (saw).  Soon, Abu Basir (rta) arrived and said to Muhammad (saw): “O Prophet of Allah! You have fulfilled your duty under the treaty and Allah has relieved you of your obligation. But I was not willing to allow myself to be persecuted or forced to abjure my religion.” The Prophet (saw) did not hide his admiration for him and wished that he had many companions. Later on, Abu Basir (rta) went to Al Is on the sea coast, on the road which the Quraish followed to Sham. When his story reached Makkah, the Muslims still residing there were elated, and about seventy of them ran away to Al Is to follow him as their chief.

Abu Basir (rta) and his companions began to cut off the trade route on their own initiative, killing any unbeliever they caught and seizing any camels belonging to Quraish. Only then did it dawn on the Quraish what a loss they had incurred by insisting on keeping the Muslims in forced residence in Makkah. In the consequent negotiation, the Quraish relinquished the privilege that the Muslims of Quraish who escape without the approval of their masters be returned to Quraish.

Relations between Quraish and Muhammad (saw) became quite peaceful and settled after the Treaty of Hudaibiyah. The Quraish embarked on enlarging trade, hoping to recapture the losses which had resulted from the war with the Muslims in which the road to Sham was cut. As for Muhammad (saw), he embarked on a wider policy of mission, seeking to bring his message to all men in all corners of the earth and to lay down the foundations for the happiness and success of the Muslims throughout the Arabian Peninsula.

Adapted from “The Life of Muhammad (saw) by Muhammad Husayn Haykal and Sealed Nectar by Safiur-Rahman Mubarakpuri”