Sunnahs of Eid-ul-Adha

India Eid al Fitr“Say (O Muhammad): ‘Verily, my Salah (prayer), my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allah, the Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists)’ (Al-Anam 6:162)

Eid-ul-Adha literally means “festival of the sacrifice”. It is an Islamic festival to commemorate the obedience of Ibrahim (as) to obey Allah’s (swt) command to sacrifice his own son Ismael (as). According to the lunar based Islamic calendar, Eid-ul-Adha falls on the 10thof Dhul-Hijjah. Muslims have two events to celebrate, one is Eid-ul-Fitr, which comes right after the month of Ramadan, and the other is Eid-ul-Adha.

Allah’s (swt) messenger Muhammad (sa) said: “Allah (swt) has given you two days better than these, the day of Al-Fitr and the day of Al-Adha.”  (Abu Dawood)

“It is Mustahab (recommended) for women to come out and attend the Eid prayers.” It is narrated by Umm ‘Attiyyah (ra) that the messenger of Allah (sa) commanded us to bring them (women) out on (Eid) Al – Fitr and (Eid) Al – Adha, and to bring out adolescent girls, menstruating women and virgins, but the menstruating women were to stay away from the prayer, but to witness the goodness and the gathering of the Muslims. I said: “O Messenger of Allah (sa), what if one of us does not have a Jilbaab?” He said: “Let her sister lend her a Jilbab.” (Bukhari, Muslim)

Recommended Islamic practices for Eid-ul-Adha:

  • Taking a bath before Eid prayer. It is Mustahabb (recommended) to take a bath before going out to the prayer. (Saheeh Hadeeth)
  • It is a Sunnah for the Imam to deliver a sermon after Eid prayers, which consists of two Rakahs. It is a Sunnah of the companions of the Prophet Muhammad (sa) to listen to the sermon.
  • Offering Eid prayer in congregation, preferably in an open area.The practical Sunnah of the Prophet (sa) was to leave his mosque for the Eid prayers and perform these prayers in the Musalla (prayer room) that was at the outer gate of Madinah. Going out to the prayer-place for Eid prayer is Sunnah, even if the Jaami’ Mosque is large enough to accommodate. This is the view of the majority of Shaykhs.
  • Eating before going out to pray Eid prayers. Prophet Muhammad (sa) never used to go out on the morning of Eid until he had eaten some dates…of which he would eat an odd number. (Bukhari)
  • Reciting Takbeer.This is one of the greatest Sunnahs on the day of Eid. Umar (ra) would try hard in reciting Takbeer until he came to the prayer place, then he would continue to recite Takbeer until the imam came out. In case of Eid Al – Adha, the Takbeer begins on the first day of Dhul-Hijjah, and lasts until sunset on the last of the days of Tashreeq. The days of Tashreeq are 11, 12 and 13 of DhulHijjah, it is also referred to as Takbeer Tashreeq. Men should recite it loudly whereas women should not raise their voices.

Takbeer: Allahuakbar, Allahuakbar, La-Ilaha illa-Allah, Wa-Allah-u-Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Wa-Lillah-il-Hamd (Allah (swt) is the Most Great, Allah (swt) is the most Great, there is no god but Allah (swt), Allah is the Most great, Allah is the most great, and to Allah (swt) be the praise).

  • Offering congratulations. The companions of the Prophet (sa) used to congratulate each other on the day of Eid. Any permissible words can be used to greet each other.
  • Beautifying oneself on the occasion of Eid. The Prophet (sa) agreed with Umar (ra) on the idea of adorning oneself for Eid, but he denounced him for choosing a particular cloak because it was made of silk. (Bukhari)
  • Going to the prayer by one route and returning by another. It was narrated that Jaabir ibn Abd – Allah (ra) said: On the day of Eid, the Prophet (sa) used to vary his route. (Bukhari). It was said that the reason for that was so that the two routes would testify for him on the Day of Resurrection, for the earth will speak on the Day of Resurrection, and say what was done on it, both good and bad.
  • Slaughtering an animal for the sake of Allah (swt) on Eid-ul-Adha is a Sunnah of Ibrahim (as) and Prophet Muhammad (sa).  The time for offering the sacrifice begins after the Eid prayer on Eid al-Adha and ends when the sun sets on the thirteenth of Dhul-Hijjah. So there are four days of sacrifice: the day of Eid-ual-Adha and the three days after it. It is better to hasten to offer the sacrifice after the Eid prayer, as the Prophet Muhammad (sa) used to do, then the first thing he would eat on the day of Eid would be the meat from his sacrifice. Ahmad narrated that Buraydah (ra) said: The Messenger of Allah (sa) did not go out on the day of Eid-ul-Fitr until he had eaten, and he did not eat on the day of Eid al-Adha until he came back, then he would eat from his sacrifice. (Al-Zayla’i narrated in Nasb al-Raayah that Ibn al-Qattaan classed it as Saheeh.)
  • It is a Sunnah that if one wants to offer a sacrifice on Eid-ul-Adha must stop cutting his hair, nails and removing anything from his skin, from the beginning of the ten days until after he has offered his sacrifice, because the Prophet (sa) said: “when you see the new moon of Dhul-Hijjah, if anyone of you wants to offer a sacrifice, then he should stop cutting his hair and nails until he has offered his sacrifice.” (Muslim).

The Prophet (sa) used to fast on the first nine days of Dhul-Hijjah. It was narrated from Hunaydah ibn Khalid from his wife, that one of the wives of the Prophet (sa) said: The Prophet (sa) used to fast on the first nine days of  Dhul-Hijjah, and the day of Ashoora, and the three days each month, the first Monday of the month and two Thursdays. (Abu Dawood)

Prophet Muhammad (sa) used to recite Surah Al – Aala of the Quran in the first Rakah and Al – Ghashiyah of the Quran in the second Rakah. He also recited Surah Qaf of the Quran in the first Rakah, and Surah Al – Qamar of the Quran in the second Rakah. (Saheeh)

Visiting the graves is not something to be done especially on the day of Eid or Friday or any particular day. It was proven that the Prophet (saw) visited the graves at night, as mentioned in the Hadeeth of Aisha (ra) narrated by Muslim. And the Prophet (sa) said: “Visit the graves for they will remind you of the Hereafter.”

Eid Mubarak!

May Allah (swt) bless us all with all good things in this world and in the hereafter – Ameen

Top Five Ways to Imbibe an Attitude of Sacrifice this Eid-ul-Adha

1011It is quite easy to talk about the spirit of sacrifice when discussing Eid-ul-Adha. But it is not quite simple to implement it in one’s daily life. As the age-old adage says, it is easier said than done. However much it is NOT easy, it is definitely not impossible either.

So how do you embark upon the journey towards implementing the spirit of sacrifice in your daily life? Here are some handy tips you can use:-

1. Be positive:- Yes, it is easier to talk about sacrifice than actually give the sacrifice when the time comes, but never let this belief deter you in your objective. You may consider yourself to be a weak person, but you can always derive your strength from your faith.

2. Make loads of Duas:- Prayer is the best source of strength. Ask Allah (SWT)’s help at all times. Make loads of invocations and Insha’Allah He (SWT) will make things easier for you.

3. Try and try again:- You may falter – not once, but many times. However, don’t let that get to you. Maybe you couldn’t do what was right in one situation – learn from it and move on.

4. Keep the end goal in mind:- If at any time you start getting this feeling of: “why do I always have to give the sacrifice?” remind yourself that it is Satan trying to mislead you. Emphasize to yourself that you are doing this for Allah (SWT)’s pleasure and your ultimate goal – Jannah.

5. Beware of publicizing your sacrifices:– Showing off good deeds always lessens the amount of blessing you get for it. Whatever sacrifices you make for Allah (SWT), keep them to yourself rather than glorifying yourself in public or feeling excessively proud. Again, remind yourself of your ultimate goal whenever you feel the urge to
talk about all that you have done.

This article was first published in The Intellect Magazine – it is being reprinted here with their permission.

Throwing an Eid Party

eid party

Eid is the time for celebration and delight, showing our gratitude to Allah, meeting relatives and friends, and sharing with the needy. As parents, we would like our children to have a meaningful time on this most joyous of occasions. So, why not make your kids’ Eid memorable and filled with fun by throwing a party for them and their friends? Here are a few ideas for creating an enthralling Eid party.

Eid Related Party Decorations

  • Put up posters of Eid greetings in 3-4 different languages, such as Arabic, Urdu, English, etc. This will be a good conversation starter.
  • If budget allows, create an Arabian Peninsula look with a tent in the corner, date trees, etc.
  • Put up colourful lights in the party area.
  • Hang little paper-made crescents with buntings and tinsels.

Theme-Based Eid Parties

Older kids (7-12 years old) can have an Eid party around a special theme:

  • Islamic attire theme. Children could come wearing clothes from different Islamic countries. You can also ask them to come in special Islamic head coverings, such as Topis, turbans or Arab headgear for boys and pretty scarves for girls.
  • Muslim country theme. Ask the kids to bring along something related to any Muslim country of their choice (a flag, a book, crafts, photographs, etc.) They can paste the country’s name on the objects and display them during the party.
  • Theme of foods mentioned in the Quran and Sunnah. Serve honey, pomegranates, dates, olives, olive oil, etc. Posters, wax replicas, and paper cutouts of the fruits and vegetables can be used as decorations.
  • Sharing the joy of Eid theme. Mothers and older children can have an Eid party at the local hospital or orphanage. They can take some eatables and gifts for the needy kids.

Gaming Zone

What’s a kids’ party without games? You can mould some of the games to give them an Islamic colour.

Games for younger and older kids:

  • Quiz between 2 teams on Islamic knowledge. Ask simple, age-appropriate questions about Muslim countries, Islamic practices, simple Duas, etc.
  • Story time. Read a story on any of the prophets or companions.
  • Passing the pillow. Short questions about the likes and dislikes of the Prophet Muhammad (sa), about his family and more.
  • Lemon in a spoon race.
  • Treasure hunt.
  • Memory game. Place objects in a tray and show to each child for 10 seconds. Later, ask them to write down the items they can remember.
  • Drawing competition. Topics can be: what you did on Eid, what you ate on Eid, making an Eid card for your parents, grandparents, or best friend.

Games for mothers and kids together:

  • Draw four pictures of Islamic objects on large sheets of paper, for example, a Masjid, a prayer mat, a Hijab, Kabah. Get four parents to hold up a picture in each corner of the room (if the place is small, in different rooms – make sure hallways are clear). Stand in the centre and call out one of the names – children then should run as fast as they can to that corner. You can also use Arabic names or draw sites of Islamic importance, such as the sacred mosques. Keep the game short and fast.
  • Charades. Each mom will have to act out a word to make her team guess what the word is. For instance, the word ‘Wudhu’ can be demonstrated by doing the actions of the ablution.
  • Gifts for the poor. A table can be laid out with some fruits, small packs of biscuits or chips, toys etc. With mom’s help, each child can pack a small goody bag and take it home for giving to the servants, who work in their house. This will apprise the child with a sense of sharing and caring for the deprived ones.

Ideas for Goody Bags or Give-Aways

Kids always love taking home a reminder of the party. According to your pocket, you can prepare the goody bags matching the Eid mood of the party.

Big budget

  • CD of “Sound Vision”
  • Audiotape of “Sound Vision”
  • Some religious activity book e.g. flowers of Islam series
  • Stationary set
  • Toys
  • Chocolates
  • Biscuits

Economical budget

  • Stickers (I love Allah, etc.)
  • A set of 3 religious activity sheets
  • Some other religious souvenir (key chain)
  • Stationary items
  • Balloons
  • Chocolates
  • Biscuits

Want More Ideas?

  • Play children’s Islamic songs in the background.
  • At the prayer time, offer Salah in congregation. (Moms and children together.)
  • Children can have a camel ride, if it can be arranged.

Story Time with a Difference

Beforehand, prepare a simple story with 4 main characters or objects – for example, a boy’s name, a prayer hat, a Masjid, the Quran. Build a story around them. Draw or write each character / object on a card. The more children you have for this game, the better, so that there are 3 or 5 ‘Masjids’, 3 or 4 ‘prayer hats,’ etc. Get the children to sit on chairs in a circle with spaces between the chairs. Begin to tell the story. As the children hear their card name mentioned, they have to get up, run around the circle, and sit back down again.

(Courtesy: http://www.islamichomeeducation.co.uk/)

Yummy Foods

Here are ideas to satisfy those growling tummies:

Finger food for 3-6 years olds

  • Mini pizzas
  • French fries
  • Nuggets
  • Sandwiches
  • Boiled sweet potatoes
  • Seasonal fruits

Kids food for 7-9 and 10-12 years olds

  • Kebabs
  • Burgers or bun kebabs
  • Rolls
  • Cholay
  • Samosas