When we read the Quran, and, we see that the most fundamental matters that Muslims have to know and understand are set out quite explicitly.
Allah (swt) describes His creation in the Quran. He describes Satan, reveals what is lawful and unlawful, and tells us of the lives of the prophets (as). It is revealed how the life of this world is a test, and how our true homes are in the Hereafter. Paradise and Hell are described in the Quran, and people are warned against the torments in the latter.
In addition to all these basic issues, the Quran also contains special signs that Allah (swt) has deliberately concealed for believers. Through these signs, our Lord tells believers how they should behave toward deniers; the best way of preaching the word and what they must do if the moral values of the Quran are to rule the world. These signs are only, of course, comprehensible to those servants who can look at the Quran with the eyes of the heart and good conscience; who can grasp the radiance and message of the Quran; and with whom Allah (swt) is well pleased. This is just one of the hundreds of miracles of the Quran.
The presence in the Quran, of scientific and mathematical miracles, is itself a miracle that confirms the sublime nature of the Quran, its miraculous aspect and the fact that it is a divine scripture. But, in addition to that specific miracle, when we look at the verses of the Quran, we see that Allah (swt) makes science obligatory for believers. Allah (swt) advises believers to reflect on the extraordinary creation they witness and to learn the knowledge of the creation of the Earth and sky. In Surah Al-Imran, our Lord says,
“Those who remember Allah (always, and in prayers) standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides, and think deeply about the creation of the heavens and the earth, (saying): “Our Lord! You have not created (all) this without purpose, glory to You! (Exalted be You above all that they associate with You as partners). Give us salvation from the torment of the Fire.” (Al-Imran 3:191)
Scientific development and progress proves the sublime and extraordinary nature of Allah’s (swt) creation in the most perfect way.
“With power did We construct the heaven. Verily, We are Able to extend the vastness of space thereof.” (Adh-Dhariyat 51:47)
Almighty Allah (swt) has made science essential for Muslims in order for them to comprehend, and see His matchless artistry, and the glories in the entities He creates. Those who deepen in science with the knowledge of the Quran will also grow in faith since they will witness His omniscience.
Allah (swt) tells us in another verse, “But those among them who are well-grounded in knowledge, and the believers, believe in what has been sent down to you (Muhammad (sa) and what was sent down before you, and those who perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and give Zakat and believe in Allah and in the Last Day, it is they to whom We shall give a great reward.” (An-Nisa 4:162)
For that reason, Allah (swt) advises true Muslims to learn and research the scientific facts; and to become aware of what is all around them. “Have they not looked at the heaven above them, how We have made it and adorned it, and there are no rifts in it? And the earth! We have spread it out, and set thereon mountains standing firm, and have produced therein every kind of lovely growth (plants). An insight and a Reminder for every slave turning to Allah (i.e. the one who believes in Allah and performs deeds of His obedience, and always begs His pardon).” (Qaf 50:6-8)
As believers grasp and see the scientific facts and grow in faith by studying Allah’s (swt) stunning artistry, they will also come to possess the means of overcoming- using science and knowledge- the snares of those who slander Allah (swt) using supposed evidence. Those who adopt chance, nature and matter as their gods by seeking to deny Allah’s (swt) magnificent creation will be defeated in the face of the artistry displayed by our Lord and their false claims thus demolished. All the superstitious evidence brought forward by these people is eliminated by science, and their empty struggles against Allah (swt) are all for nothing.
Allah (swt) advises people to reflect on creation, and the miraculous systems and each of the extraordinary 100-hundred trillion cells that emerge- rebut all these superstitious claims. Allah (swt) advises us to consider the creation of the heavens, His creation through the Big Bang, and the extraordinary equilibrium in the universe again- eliminate this superstitious way of thinking. Allah (swt) advises us to look at the evidence in the Earth, and those glorious marvels of creation.
One wise aspect behind the evidence for Allah’s (swt) creation that believers produce with knowledge and science is that it enables some people who blindly and ignorantly believed other people with their materialist mindsets to conclude, through the scientific evidence, that Allah (swt) is the sole Creator. The scientific evidence is instrumental in these people seeing the omnipotence of Allah (swt) in the things He creates, and thus in coming to have faith.
A single tree, a single leaf or even a single seed is certainly enough to see the glory and Absolute Existence of our Almighty Lord. But for the pure and faithful who truly believe, seeing the extraordinary artistry in Allah’s (swt) detail by way of science is a great means- whereby they can properly appreciate the might and greatness of Allah (swt). It is for that reason that Almighty Allah (swt) has made science obligatory for all believers.