Scientific Evidences lead to Faith


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When we read the Quran, and, we see that the most fundamental matters that Muslims have to know and understand are set out quite explicitly.

Allah (swt) describes His creation in the Quran. He describes Satan, reveals what is lawful and unlawful, and tells us of the lives of the prophets (as). It is revealed how the life of this world is a test, and how our true homes are in the Hereafter. Paradise and Hell are described in the Quran, and people are warned against the torments in the latter.

In addition to all these basic issues, the Quran also contains special signs that Allah (swt) has deliberately concealed for believers. Through these signs, our Lord tells believers how they should behave toward deniers; the best way of preaching the word and what they must do if the moral values of the Quran are to rule the world. These signs are only, of course, comprehensible to those servants who can look at the Quran with the eyes of the heart and good conscience; who can grasp the radiance and message of the Quran; and with whom Allah (swt) is well pleased. This is just one of the hundreds of miracles of the Quran.

The presence in the Quran, of scientific and mathematical miracles, is itself a miracle that confirms the sublime nature of the Quran, its miraculous aspect and the fact that it is a divine scripture. But, in addition to that specific miracle, when we look at the verses of the Quran, we see that Allah (swt) makes science obligatory for believers. Allah (swt) advises believers to reflect on the extraordinary creation they witness and to learn the knowledge of the creation of the Earth and sky. In Surah Al-Imran, our Lord says,

“Those who remember Allah (always, and in prayers) standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides, and think deeply about the creation of the heavens and the earth, (saying): “Our Lord! You have not created (all) this without purpose, glory to You! (Exalted be You above all that they associate with You as partners). Give us salvation from the torment of the Fire.” (Al-Imran 3:191)

Scientific development and progress proves the sublime and extraordinary nature of Allah’s (swt) creation in the most perfect way.

The more that people of good conscience possess this knowledge deepen in science, the more amazed they are by Allah’s (swt) sublime artistry. Just a single cell, the glorious DNA within a single cell or a single protein is enough to see the power and might of Allah (swt). Almighty Allah (swt) is powerful enough to create worlds within worlds; to create all things from nothing; and gloriously shows His sublime omniscience by creating atoms in tiny specks of space and making atoms, which themselves consist of 99-ninety nine percent empty space, the natural causes of matter itself. Almighty Allah (swt) is powerful enough to bring the Earth and sky into being through a single explosion, out of nothing, out of emptiness. Almighty Allah (swt) reveals this sublime creation- the Big Bang miracle in other words- in this verse,

“With power did We construct the heaven. Verily, We are Able to extend the vastness of space thereof.” (Adh-Dhariyat 51:47)

Almighty Allah (swt) has made science essential for Muslims in order for them to comprehend, and see His matchless artistry, and the glories in the entities He creates. Those who deepen in science with the knowledge of the Quran will also grow in faith since they will witness His omniscience.

Allah (swt) tells us in another verse, “But those among them who are well-grounded in knowledge, and the believers, believe in what has been sent down to you (Muhammad (sa) and what was sent down before you, and those who perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and give Zakat and believe in Allah and in the Last Day, it is they to whom We shall give a great reward.” (An-Nisa 4:162)

For that reason, Allah (swt) advises true Muslims to learn and research the scientific facts; and to become aware of what is all around them. “Have they not looked at the heaven above them, how We have made it and adorned it, and there are no rifts in it? And the earth! We have spread it out, and set thereon mountains standing firm, and have produced therein every kind of lovely growth (plants). An insight and a Reminder for every slave turning to Allah (i.e. the one who believes in Allah and performs deeds of His obedience, and always begs His pardon).” (Qaf 50:6-8)

As believers grasp and see the scientific facts and grow in faith by studying Allah’s (swt) stunning artistry, they will also come to possess the means of overcoming- using science and knowledge- the snares of those who slander Allah (swt) using supposed evidence. Those who adopt chance, nature and matter as their gods by seeking to deny Allah’s (swt) magnificent creation will be defeated in the face of the artistry displayed by our Lord and their false claims thus demolished. All the superstitious evidence brought forward by these people is eliminated by science, and their empty struggles against Allah (swt) are all for nothing.

Allah (swt) advises people to reflect on creation, and the miraculous systems and each of the extraordinary 100-hundred trillion cells that emerge-  rebut all these superstitious claims. Allah (swt) advises us to consider the creation of the heavens, His creation through the Big Bang, and the extraordinary equilibrium in the universe again- eliminate this superstitious way of thinking. Allah (swt) advises us to look at the evidence in the Earth, and those glorious marvels of creation.

One wise aspect behind the evidence for Allah’s (swt) creation that believers produce with knowledge and science is that it enables some people who blindly and ignorantly believed other people with their materialist mindsets to conclude, through the scientific evidence, that Allah (swt) is the sole Creator. The scientific evidence is instrumental in these people seeing the omnipotence of Allah (swt) in the things He creates, and thus in coming to have faith.

A single tree, a single leaf or even a single seed is certainly enough to see the glory and Absolute Existence of our Almighty Lord. But for the pure and faithful who truly believe, seeing the extraordinary artistry in Allah’s (swt) detail by way of science is a great means- whereby they can properly appreciate the might and greatness of Allah (swt). It is for that reason that Almighty Allah (swt) has made science obligatory for all believers.

Transformation of cells into organs – a miracle

3d human cellChromosomes coming from the parents exist in an egg cell newly fertilized in the mother’s womb. This cell starts dividing rapidly, and the newly formed cells differentiate as they continue to divide. They start to assume different tasks, and reach the parts of the body where they belong. That is to say, rather than remaining as lumps of meat made up of similar cells, some of them become- for instance, eye cells, or others heart cells; and go to their respective places. Alternatively, if it is a skin cell, it covers the body.

During this stage of division, cells work and cooperate very closely and meticulously like a very good working team. Each one of the cells is aware of the entire plan, and work in cooperation and communication.

How does an advanced level of order and coordination come true?

The answer to this question is very explicit: Living beings are created flawlessly; and the artistry and might in their creation belongs to the Almighty Allah (swt). In one verse of the Quran, Allah (swt) states,

“He has created the heavens and the earth with truth, and He shaped you and made good your shapes, and to Him is the final Return.”(At-Taghabun 64:3)

  • How do the cells know where they will go, which organ they will be a part of and what will they accomplish there?
  • How do they interact with other cells in such harmony?

Proteins produced in various forms for different cells

While an embryo develops in the woman’s womb, the DNA that would make up the eyes of that embryo produce only the proteins related to the eye. Similarly, the DNA strands that make up the brain of the embryo only produce the proteins related with the brain.

The important point here is the following: The DNA of any cell in the body –whether it may be a bone cell, liver cell or a kidney cell – contains all the information that make up all the organs of the human being. However in all this information, only the related proteins are produced. In other words, in every cell there exists the information related to all organs in the body, but not all the proteins are produced. Only that protein of the related organ is produced. For this end, histone, a special protein, packages the DNA in order to prevent the production of unnecessary proteins. Today, one of the greatest secrets that baffle scientists is how histones in the cells know which genes to suppress, and which ones are allowed to continue operating. Proteins are also molecules that are made up of non-living atoms. It is evident that unconscious and unintelligent atoms can not bring such a tremendous creation into being.

Coordination during restructuring of the cells

DNA itself is neither a biochemist nor a super computer capable of accomplishing trillions of calculations per second. DNA is simply a molecule made up of carbon, phosphate, nitrogen, hydrogen and oxygen.

Now let’s think- each and every cell that multiplies by division contains all the genetic information in a human being. That is to say, every cell actually has the capability to make up the heart muscle, a red blood cell or any other tissue of the body. Although, every cell has DNA, at different stages of development; only some genes become active in different organs. For instance, kidney formation and its functioning codes exist in each cell; but during development only the related genes become active in this organ at some particular times.

  • Who gives the order to divide and of being specialized in different tasks following the division?
  • How do the cells have the sense of obeying these orders?
  • How do they work in such discipline and organization?

It is obvious that none of these are random systems that come into existence by chance. They all come into existence by the might of our Lord.

He arranges (every) affair from the heavens to the earth, then it (affair) will go up to Him, in one Day, the space whereof is a thousand years of your reckoning (i.e. reckoning of our present world’s time).”(As-Sajdah 32:5)

Perfection in man’s creation is not limited to cells

Cells must also exist at the right stage of life in accurate amounts. Some “maintenance” genes work in all cells at almost all times. Other genes function only for a couple of hours and then remain in standby mode until the next task. For instance, during nursing milk production is accelerated by genes. Available information is activated at the right time, in the right amount and at the appropriate location. It is impossible to explain away such planned, conscious, calculated and rational use of billions of information existing in the DNA as “chance.” Attributing the extraordinarily planned and organized incidents taking place on the microscopic level to chance is an account without rhyme or reason. Scientists acknowledge that they are still quite unable to give an account for this differentiation of cells and the flawless distribution of tasks in the cells. The Turkish microbiologist Ali Demirsoy admits this fact as follows:

“That many cell groups with different structures and functions come into existence from a fertilized egg could not be satisfactorily explained so far.” (Ali Demirsoy, Heritage and Evolution, Meteksan Publishing, Ankara, 1984, p.158)

It is obvious that all these extraordinary incidents could not have been the work of chance or the cell itself. Then to Whom does the Might and Intelligence that administers all these incidents, and creates them for a particular purpose belong? There is one single answer to this: Our Lord, with His infinite mercy, created man in his current flawless form and incessantly endows him with endless blessings. In one verse of the Quran Allah (swt) relates thus,

“And He gave you of all that you asked for, and if you count the Blessings of Allah, never will you be able to count them. Verily! Man is indeed an extreme wrong-doer, – a disbeliever (an extreme ingrate, denies Allah’s Blessings by disbelief, and by worshipping others besides Allah, and by disobeying Allah and His Prophet Muhammad (sa)).”  (Ibrahim 14:34)

Protein Synthesis in the Cell is a Miracle

human cell2Every process in the body takes place by way of proteins. For that reason, every cell needs protein at every moment. As a result, protein needs to be manufactured in the body every second.The place in the cell where protein is manufactured is the DNA.

When any of the 100 trillion or so cells in the body needs protein, a message is sent to the DNA by way of hormones.The proteins in DNA, in other words enzymes, go into action in order to take the code necessary for the protein to be manufactured from the DNA.The way those enzymes find the information needed to be able to manufacture a single protein is like trying to find a single page in an encyclopedia of 1,000-thousand volumes.

That part of the DNA containing this code is opened up. Enzymes open up the relevant part of the helix and hold it open as far as the end of the section from where the relevant code will be extracted. There is no need for any other sections to be opened up.While these enzymes hold open the edges of the section needed for the code, another enzyme arrives on the scene and produces a copy of the section in question.The extracted copy is called the “messenger RNA”. The messenger RNA sets out for the factory where the protein is to be manufactured.

The messenger RNA carefully transports the copy and leaves the nucleus. There are gatekeepers waiting at the exit from the nucleus during this stage. They decide what can enter the nucleus or not and open the gate accordingly. The gate is always opened for messenger RNA.

Not a single enzyme fails to reach its target and objective; production never goes wrong inside the factory; the special folding of the new protein chain is never forgotten; the messengers never get lost.

The messenger RNA takes the copy and departs the nucleus, carrying the copy directly to the ribosome, the factory where the new protein is to be manufactured.The messenger RNA binds to the relevant part of the ribosome and begins preparations for the manufacture of new protein. In order for production to take place in the ribosome, the factory in other words, raw materials have to be brought in and installed in line with the code.

These raw materials are amino acids. These are brought in by “transfer RNA”. The amino acids are brought in and establish a glorious protein chain, consisting of at least a hundred sequences each.Amino acids bind to one another with special chemical bonds known as “Peptide bonds”. These chemical bonds are some of the most powerful bonds of all. Proteins therefore have a very sound structure and are not easily damaged by external factors.

The way these amino acids are arranged determines the nature of that protein. It is therefore exceedingly important which amino acid follows which in the sequence. Enzymes never make a mistake as they establish the sequence. After the new protein chain has been manufactured, it is sent to a special section in the factory that is the ribosome, where it assumes a special three-dimensional form through being folded and pleated in various ways.

This three-dimensional shape created by this folding and pleating determines the nature of the protein. Unless it is given a special shape the protein cannot function, even if the sequence is completely accurate.When the chain assumes its three-dimensional form, the process is now complete. A new protein has been built. When the new protein departs this special section, an enzyme arrives on the scene. It picks up the newly constructed protein and carries it right to where it is needed in the cell.

The protein synthesis process, described here is in very general terms. It takes place in every cell2000- two thousand times per second. All the components know what to do as they carry out the process. Not a single enzyme fails to reach its target and objective; production never goes wrong inside the factory; the special folding of the new protein chain is never forgotten; the messengers never get lost. The cell is aware of the importance and delicate nature of this production at every moment.

every part of the cell acts under our Lord’s inspiration at every moment. Every enzyme, every amino acid and every atom that goes to make them up is a manifestation of Almighty Allah’s (swt) infinite power

They know, because every part of the cell acts under our Lord’s inspiration at every moment. Every enzyme, every amino acid and every atom that goes to make them up is a manifestation of Almighty Allah’s (swt) infinite power and omniscience. Everything has bowed its head to our Almighty Lord, Lord and Ruler of all the worlds, He Who is omnipresent at all times. Everything is in His knowledge and all things have submitted to Him. Creating all these worlds from nothing is the easiest matter for Allah (swt) the Merciful.

 “To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is on the earth. And verily, Allah He is Rich (Free of all wants), Worthy of all praise.” (Al-Hajj 22:64)