Hajj Reflections- Tale of a mother and her baby

 

                                     Image Courtesy www.al-masjid-al-haram.blogspot.com

 

 

The month of Dhul Hijjah takes my thoughts to my mom. She once said that a mother’s life is that of “Sayee”. She runs to and fro for her children; making ends meet; providing for them; watching over them. All this so that her children’s eyes don’t get wet with tears of grief, and their hearts are not filled with feelings of hopelessness.

On a hot day, it had only been a short while since Suhoor, yet my lips were parched. There was a dry, warm wind blowing. I can vividly visualize Hajrah, mother of Prophet Ismael (as), and wife of Prophet Ibrahim (as), running from one mountain top to other mountain top in search of water for her thirsty baby. Her garments must have flapped against her body- as the warm winds shifted dunes in the hot dry desert. Her baby must’ve squealed, and cried with thirst till he ran out of tears. Subhan’Allah, how Allah (swt) loves them at that point! The uncomplaining mother just making Sayee and praying;  convinced by her Lord’s will, and His pleasure was her goal. The gift that our Rabb sent their way was a miracle that has existed to date, and holds powers that still overwhelms people. This miraculous gift turned the desert into a thriving city, and became the centre of civilization for the Muslim Ummah!

The love the Almighty felt for the persevering mother has signs for us. The Almighty Allah (swt), our Rabb, loves those who persevere, and stick to their just cause- attaining His pleasure remains their underlying motive, and their driving force- Allah (swt) loves them!

Wow! I think it’s super cool- Allah (swt) loves them and He gifts them with His choicest bounties. Subhan’Allah. Allahu Akbar!

Insha’Allah, I’m sure my mom too did her Sayee super well. And made our Rabb super happy. Insha’Allah, I’m sure my Almighty Allah (swt) will reward her in His excellent ways for her successful Sayee.

May Allah (swt) make our Sayee in this life a success; and grant us His wondrous gifts that we can’t imagine or fathom. May Allah (swt) love us, and make us deserving of His love. Ameen.

Umm-e-Yahya

 

 

 

Supplications from the Sunnah for the Day of Arafah

Day_of__Arafa_backProphet Muhammad (sa) said: “The best supplication is the supplication of the Day of Arafah.” (Tirmidhi, Ahmad, Malik and others; Al-Albani graded this Hadeeth as Hasan)

Following are some supplications with their Arabic text as mentioned in authentic Ahadeeth. These are the Duas taught by the Prophet (sa) to be recited on different occasions. These are general supplications that can be recited throughout the year.

اَللَّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ تُحِبُّ اَلْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّي

O Allah, You are the Pardoner and You love to pardon, so pardon me. (An-Nasai, At-Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Ahmad and Al-Hakim)

اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي وَارْحَمْنِي وَاهْدِنِي وَارْزُقْنِي

O Allah, grant me pardon, have mercy upon me, direct me to the path of righteousness and provide me sustenance. (Muslim)

اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ رَبِّي لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ خَلَقْتَنِي وَأَنَا عَبْدُكَ وَأَنَا عَلَى عَهْدِكَ وَوَعْدِكَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُ أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا صَنَعْتُ أَبُوءُ بِنِعْمَتِكَ وَأَبُوءُ بِذَنْبِي فَاغْفِرْ لِي إِنَّهُ لاَ يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ

O Allah! You are my Lord; there is no god but You, You have created me, and I am Your servant and hold to Your covenant and promise as much as I can; I seek refuge in You from the evil of what I have done: I acknowledge Your favour to me, and I acknowledge my sin; pardon me, for none but You pardons sins. (Abu Dawood)

اَللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ اَلْعَافِيَةَ فِي دِينِي, وَدُنْيَايَ, وَأَهْلِي, وَمَالِي, اَللَّهُمَّ اسْتُرْ عَوْرَاتِي, وَآمِنْ رَوْعَاتِي, وَاحْفَظْنِي مِنْ بَيْنِ يَدَيَّ, وَمِنْ خَلْفِي, وَعَنْ يَمِينِي, وَعَنْ شِمَالِي, وَمِنْ فَوْقِي, وَأَعُوذُ بِعَظَمَتِكَ أَنْ أُغْتَالَ مِنْ تَحْتِي

O Allah! I ask you for pardon and well-being in my religious and worldly affairs, and my family and my wealth. O Allah! Cover my weaknesses and set at ease my dismay. O Allah! Preserve me from the front and from behind and on my right and on my left and from above, and I seek refuge with you lest I be swallowed up by the earth.” (An-Nasai and Ibn Majah)

اللَّهُمَّ اهْدِنِي فِيمَنْ هَدَيْتَ وَعَافِنِي فِيمَنْ عَافَيْتَ وَتَوَلَّنِي فِيمَنْ تَوَلَّيْتَ وَبَارِكْ لِي فِيمَا أَعْطَيْتَ وَقِنِي شَرَّ مَا قَضَيْتَ فَإِنَّكَ تَقْضِي وَلاَ يُقْضَى عَلَيْكَ وَإِنَّهُ لاَ يَذِلُّ مَنْ وَالَيْتَ تَبَارَكْتَ رَبَّنَا وَتَعَالَيْتَ

O Allah guide me among those You have guided, pardon me among those You have pardoned, befriend me among those You have befriended, bless me in what You have granted, and save me from the evil that You decreed. Indeed You decree, and none can pass decree, and none can pass decree upon You, indeed he is not humiliated whom You have befriended, blessed are You our Lord and Exalted. (At-Tirmidhi)

رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً، وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً، وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ

Our Lord! Give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire! (Al-Baqarah 2:201)

The First Ten Days of Dhul-Hijjah

Vol 5 - Issue 3 The first ten days of Dhul-HajjOfaira Ateeq Husain shares with us the suggestions of Sheikh Muhammad Salih Al-Munajjid.

Allah (swt) has preferred some times of the year over others in the sense that the rewards for good deeds done during these periods get multiplied many times. This encourages His servants to do more righteous deeds and worship Him more, in order to prepare themselves for death and the Day of Judgment.

The Prophet (sa) said: “Being laid-back is best in every matter except for good deeds.” (Abu Dawood & Al-Hakim)

Among the special seasons of worship are the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah, which Allah (swt) has preferred over all the other days of the year. These days, which include the Day of Arafah and Eid Al-Adha, bring Muslims an opportunity to correct their faults and make up for any shortcomings.

Ibn Abbas (rta) reported that the Prophet (sa) said: “There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than these ten days” The people asked: “Not even Jihad for the sake of Allah?” He said: “Not even Jihad for the sake of Allah, except in the case of a man who went out, giving himself and his wealth up for the cause (of Allah), and came back with nothing.” (Bukhari)

It is indeed a great mercy of Allah (swt) that the blessings of Hajj spill over also to those, who are not making the pilgrimage but are fasting on Dhul-Hijjah 9, the Day of Arafah. On this day, also known as the Waqfah (standing), the pilgrims stand on and around the Mount of Mercy to ask Allah’s (swt) forgiveness. When the sun sets on that day, all their past sins are forgiven. If those, who are not making Hajj, fast on that day, the sins of two years (the past and the coming one) are forgiven. (Muslim)

Abu Hurairah (rta) relates that the Prophet (sa) said: “There are no days more loved by Allah (swt) for you to worship Him therein than the ten days of Dhul Hijjah. Fasting any day during it is equivalent to fasting one year, and offering Salatul Tahajjud (late night prayer) during one of its nights is like performing the late night prayer on the night of power (i.e., Lailatul Qadr).” (At-Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah and Al-Baihaqi)

In this season, the roads leading to goodness are numerous, so we must not miss out on any of them. Allah (swt) has given us many ways, in which to do good deeds and worship Him. Among the good deeds, which a Muslim should strive to do during the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah are:

1. Salah. A guided slave of Allah (swt) would supply himself with optional Salah during these ten days, because it is a path to goodness and something that Allah (swt) loves. Abu Hurairah (rta) narrated that the Prophet (sa) said: “Salah is the best thing that one can do, so perform as many as you possibly can.” (At-Tabarani) He (saw) also said, as narrated by Abu Hurairah (rta): “The son of Adam could not do anything more beneficial for himself than Salah, reconciliation (between Muslims) and being well mannered.” (Al-Bayhaqi and others)

2. Fasting. It is Sunnah to fast on the ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah. Hunaydah Ibn Khalid quoted some of the wives of the Prophet (sa) as saying: “The Prophet (sa) used to fast on the ninth of Dhul-Hijjah, on the day of Ashurah, on three days of each month and on the first two Mondays and Thursdays of each month.” (An-Nisa’i, 4/205)

3. Takbir. During the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah, it is Sunnah to say Takbir, Tahmid, Tahlil, and Tasbih loudly in the mosque, the home, the street and every place, where it is permitted to remember Allah (swt) and mention His name out loud, as an act of worship and as a proclamation of the greatness of Allah (swt). Men should recite these phrases out loud, and women should recite them quietly.

Allah (swt) says: “That they may witness things that are of benefit to them (i.e., reward of Hajj in the Hereafter, and also some worldly gain from trade), and mention the name of Allah on appointed days (i.e. 10th, 11th, 12th, and 13th day of Dhul-Hijjah), over the beast of cattle that He has provided for them (for sacrifice).” (Al-Hajj 22:28)

Abdullah Ibn Umar (rta) reported that the Prophet (sa) said: “There are no days greater in the sight of Allah and in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Him than these ten days, so during this time recite a great deal of Tahleel (La Ilaha Ill-Allah), Takbeer (Allahu Akbar) and Tahmeed (Al-Hamdu Lillah).” (Reported by Ahmad, 7/224; Ahmad Shakir stated that it is Saheeh)

4. Performing Hajj and Umrah. One of the best deeds that one can do during these ten days is to perform Hajj to the Sacred House of Allah (swt). The one, whom Allah (swt) helps to offer Hajj to His House and to perform all the rituals properly, is included in the words of the Prophet (sa): “An accepted Hajj brings no less a reward than Paradise.”

5. Doing more good deeds in general. This is because good deeds are beloved by Allah (swt) and earn one a great reward. Whoever is not able to offer Hajj should occupy himself during this blessed time with acts of worship, reading the Quran, remembering Allah (swt), making supplications, giving in charity, showing dutifulness to parents, maintaining the ties of kinship, enjoining what is good and forbidding what is evil and other good deeds and acts of worship.

6. Sacrifice. Offering a sacrificial animal is also among the most virtuous deeds that one can perform. The Prophet (sa) said: “He, who does not offer a sacrifice while being financially able to, let him not come close to our Masjid (i.e. pray with us).” The Sunnah also indicates that the one, who wants to offer a sacrifice on Eid-ul-Adha, must stop cutting his hair and nails and removing anything from his skin, from the beginning of the ten days until after he has offered his sacrifice, because the Prophet (sa) said: “When the ten days (Dhu’l-Hijjah) have begun and one of you intends to offer a sacrifice, then let him not cut any of his hair or remove anything from his skin.” (Muslim)

In another narration, he (saw) said: “Let him not cut anything from his hair or nails until he sacrifices.” (Ad-Darimi)

7. Sincere repentance. One of the most important things to do during these ten days is to repent sincerely to Allah (swt) and to give up all kinds of disobedience and sin. Take advantage of these virtuous deeds, beware of laziness and neglect and know that Allah (swt) has favoured certain days over others. Let us use these opportunities and increase our righteous deeds. May Allah (swt) forgive us our sins and shortcomings, Ameen.

The Best Days are Here!

Top five things to pack for hajj

Do you know what days are better than all other days of the year? The days of Ramadan? No! (The last ten nights of Ramadan are higher in status though, as they comprise Laylatul-Qadr) It’s the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah as narrated by Ibn Abbas (rta):

Prophet Muhammad (sa) said: “There is no deed that is better before Allah or more greatly rewarded than a good deed done in the (first) ten days of al-Adha (sacrifice).” It was said: “Not even jihad for the sake of Allah?” He said: “Not even jihad for the sake of Allah, unless a man goes out himself for jihad taking his wealth with him and does not come back with anything.” (Bukhari and Darimi)

Surprisingly, the masses are unaware of these virtuous days and miss the opportunity to gain rewards and Allah’s pleasure in these blessed days. According to the Sunnah these are some of the important actions done in the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah:

  1. Hajj: Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam. Those who get the opportunity of Hajj should make the most of these days as an accepted Hajj eradicates all past sins. Hajj is not just a ritual that needs to be finished; it is a spiritual cleansing, a treasure chest of lessons that need to be learnt and safe kept for life long.
  2. Sacrifice: Eid-ul-Adha, the second Muslim festival, also comes in the blessed month. The price of the animal purchased for slaughter and quality of the barbeque served at Eid parties is not just it. What matters is the intention and Taqwa behind our actions. Allah says: “Their meat will not reach Allah, nor will their blood, but what reaches Him is piety from you.” (Hajj 22:37)
  3. Fasting: Fasting on the first nine days of Dhul-Hijjah (The tenth day is Eid!) is an established Sunnah of the Prophet (sa). (Nasai and Abu Dawood).
  4. Remembering Allah (swt): The remembrance of Allah (swt) is one of the most beloved of deeds to Him, especially during these days. Prophet Muhammad (sa) has said: “There are no days that are greater before Allah or in which good deeds are more beloved to Him than these ten days, so recite a great deal of Tahleel (La ilaha illallah), Takbeer (Allahu Akbar) and Tahmeed (Alhumdulillah) during them.” (Ahmad)
  5. Takbeerat: Recite them as much as you can. See this page for details.

So, there is something for everyone. If you’re not going for Hajj, you may sacrifice. If you cannot afford an animal, you can still fast. If you’re incapable of fasting you can always remember Allah! We must race after every virtue that we can lay our hands on. Life is too short and every passing second is an asset.

Wither Spirit of Sacrifice

goatIt was the day of Eid-ul-Adha in a close-knit neighbourhood. It was a neighbourhood which generally came together to celebrate every occasion. Today was no different. Children from different households, along with some adults, were hurriedly making their way to whichever house was doing the sacrifice of animals. There, they would all congregate and watch it together. Children and men would stand on the road, while women would peep from their windows, terraces or roofs.

Sidra and Sarah were two sisters who were part of the brigade of children who were enthusiastically following the sacrifice of all the houses. They had been a part and parcel of these celebrations year after year, and they were not planning to miss any thing today. However, something seemed out of place this year. Sarah, the younger sister, spotted it first.

Entertainment – this is essentially what Eid-ul-Adha has come to signify.

“Is that my imagination or are those guys over there making videos from their cell phone cameras?” she wondered aloud.

Sidra craned her neck to look. Sure enough, a bunch of teenaged boys along with some adults were making a video of the entire process of a cow being slaughtered for sacrifice. There were many laughs and shrieks of delight as this particular crowd captured and exchanged visual after visual. As the two sisters watched stunned, some of the crowd even clapped and cheered as a few men tried to control an over-excited cow and tie it down.

“Let’s leave,” said Sidra. “This is nothing but entertainment.”

When you do your sacrifice on Eid-ul-Adha, do you think it reflects in your attitude for the rest of the year?

And sadly, this tale of one neighbourhood says it all. Entertainment – this is essentially what Eid-ul-Adha has come to signify. You get up early, you go watch all the sacrifices of animals being done in your neighbourhood, you clap and cheer, then you come back, sort out the meat of your own sacrificial animal, and then it’s all about either dressing up to go out for dinner or spending a majority of time in the kitchen cooking meat-related delicacies for Eid parties being hosted in your own house.

But really, is that only what this Eid is all about? Of course, all of you reading this know exactly why this Eid is celebrated, so without going into all of that, let’s just bring it down to one basic question – when you do your sacrifice on Eid-ul-Adha, do you think it reflects in your attitude for the rest of the year?

And if the above question makes no sense, think again about why this Eid is celebrated. You sacrifice an animal in the way of Allah (SWT). And if you do this simple act with the intention of imbibing the true spirit of sacrifice in your daily life, then one Eid will definitely go a long way in making a positive change in your attitude for the rest of the year. And if you start to dwindle in your resolve, another Eid comes to remind you of it.

This leads to another question. What does it mean to have the true spirit of sacrifice in one’s daily life? It basically means to give up your favourite and most-cherished things in the way of Allah (SWT) at all times. For instance, suppose your mother asks you to give away some of your clothes to the less privileged. Honestly ask yourself what you do in this situation – do you hasten to give away your oldest, most worn out clothes or do you willingly give away your newer, better-looking clothes? The answer will tell you the extent to which you have the spirit of sacrifice within you.

How willingly you go for the lesser-liked choice is the spirit of sacrifice.

Then think about what you do when you are faced with a difficult situation in your everyday life. For example, your mother is not feeling well and you must cook dinner. At the same time, there is a party at your best friend’s house, which you don’t want to miss. Again, are you willing to give up some of your fun for the sake of your household or do you insist on going to the party come what may? The answer, even to this question, will tell you for sure whether or not you have the spirit of sacrifice in you.

In a nutshell, there will always be instances and circumstances where you will have to give up your favoured choice, and go for the one which you don’t like – for the greater good. How willingly you go for the lesser-liked choice is the spirit of sacrifice, and every year in which you experience Eid-ul-Adha reminds you that such sacrifices are worth making for the pleasure of Allah (SWT) and the long term investment (Jannah).

This article was first published in The Intellect Magazine – it is being reprinted here with their permission

Most Beloved Days of Dhul-Hijjah

Dhul-hijjah1By Eman Al-Obaid – Al-Huda Sisters, Dubai

Allah (swt) created humans and Jinns to worship Him. This is the purpose of creation. Average life span of a human being is between 60-70 years. We don’t live forever. While we are in this world, our time is divided between eating, sleeping, working and so on. Muslims are supposed to worship Allah (swt), but if we count, then how many minutes in a day do we actually spend worshipping? Calculate the time you spend on praying the five obligatory prayers – maybe 25-30 minutes in a day out of all the 24 hours!

Realistically, HOW are you supposed to spend your entire life in worship?

Allah (swt) has made it easy for us by giving certain bonus periods in life for motivating us to worship Him with renewed feelings. We need a change or a motivation – something to boost us! We know we need to worship Allah (swt) all the time, but we should not get bored of worship! We need change all the time! Look at the cycle. We follow our normal routine. Before Ramadan, we become excited and wait for it. Our level of faith is high. In the middle of Ramadan, we become relaxed in routine. Then another injection of motivation comes in the form of Laylatul Qadr (the Night of Decree), so our faith soars. Afterwards, we relax for the Eid and enjoy. Then, comes the fasting of Shawwal and once again relaxation during the month of Dhul-Qadah, followed by Dhul-Hijjah. We have the first ten days followed by Eid-ul-Adha. Hence, there is no stagnant period – always change in order to motivate us.

Any good actions that you perform during these days will be beloved to Allah (swt). For instance, if you always pray the morning prayer, pray the same during these days and Allah (swt) will love it more, Insha’Allah!

Welcoming Dhul-Hijjah

The most important ten days start on the 1st day of Dhul-Hijjah. Allah (swt) mentions in the Quran: “By the ten nights (i.e., the first ten days of the month of Dhul-Hijjah).” (Al-Fajr 89:2) He further mentions: “That they may witness things that are of benefit to them (i.e. reward of Hajj in the hereafter, and also some worldly gain from trade, etc.), and mention the Name of Allah on appointed days (i.e. 10th, 11th, 12th, and 13th day of Dhul-Hijjah), over the beast of cattle that He has provided for them (for sacrifice) (at the time of their slaughtering by saying: Bismillah, Wa Allahu-Akbar, Allahumma Minka wa Ilaik). Then eat thereof and feed therewith the poor who have a very hard time.” (Al-Hajj 22:28)

The Messenger of Allah (sa) said: “There are no days during which the righteous action is so pleasing to Allah (swt) than these days (i.e., the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah).” He was asked: “O Messenger of Allah, not even Jihad in the Cause of Allah (swt)?” He (sa) replied: “Not even Jihad in the cause of Allah (swt), except in case one goes forth with his life and his property and does not return with either of it.” (Bukhari)

Spending the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah

Repent and request Allah (swt) for forgiveness for past sins, resolving to not repeat them. Even though you know the virtues of important days, your sins can prevent you from doing them. Repent to Allah (swt) well before Dhul-Hijjah begins. Beg forgiveness for mistakes you know and the ones you do not know.

Remain determined and truthful. Rely upon Allah (swt) only. We cannot do anything on our own, even if it is worship. We need to rely on Allah (swt), so that we remain steadfast upon good deeds. Don’t listen to Shaitan and don’t get discouraged.

These ten days are the ‘mother of all worship’, because there is no specific kind of worship mentioned. Therefore, since Allah (swt) loves, accepts and rewards any deeds in these days.

Good deeds to perform

Any good actions that you perform during these days will be beloved to Allah (swt). For instance, if you always pray the morning prayer, pray the same during these days and Allah (swt) will love it more, Insha’Allah! This should be an important encouragement for us to do more and more good deeds, which have greater reward with Allah (swt). You get extra rewards for all your deeds and all the things that you do even in normal routine (in those days). All the voluntary prayers, Dua, Dhikr and anything else that you do is rewarded. The reward is more because there is more struggle. In Ramadan, for example, it’s easier to perform good deeds, because Shaitan is chained. It is even easy to pray night prayers in the Masjid, because everyone else is engaged in it. In Dhul-Hijjah, it is more difficult.

These ten days are the ‘mother of all worship’, because there is no specific kind of worship mentioned. Therefore, since Allah (swt) loves, accepts and rewards any deeds in these days.

One can do any of the following types of worship with sincerity and hope for the reward from Allah (swt).

  • Prayer
  • Fast
  • Dua
  • Hajj
  • Umrah
  • Remembrance of Allah (swt)

Other positive actions we can do in these ten days are:

  • Remembrance of Allah (swt)
  • More prayer
  • Make more Dua
  • Read more Quran
  • Acquire knowledge
  • Increase voluntary prayers
  • Increase charity
  • Fast on the day of Arafah
  • Fasting from the 1st to the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah (no fasting on the Eid day!)
  • Perform night prayers or Tahajjud

We ask Allah the Almighty (swt) to guide us to His love and pleasure. Ameen!

Months and More

Sabahat Anwar discusses the significance of the 11th,12th, and 1st months of the Islamic calendar.

Dhul-Qadah – the 11th month

Dhul-Qadah is:

  • The 2nd among the 3 months of Hajj.
  • The 1st among the four sacred months (Ashhurul Hurum). The others are Dhul- Hijjah, Muharram, and Rajab.

Meaning: Qada means ‘to rest’. Since the Arabs regarded this month as sacred, they would stop fighting and stay at home, when it started. No specific Ibadat is prescribed for this month.

Events:

  • 5 AH – battle of Khandaq (trench or Ahzab).
  • 6 AH – truce of Hudaibiyah and Bayt-e-Rizwan (oath of allegiance).
  • 7 AH – the Prophet (sa) and Sahabahs returned to Makkah to perform Umrah.

Dhul-Hijjah – the 12th month

Meaning: month of ‘Hajj’ (the pilgrimage), the fifth pillar of Islam. Since Hajj is performed during the first 10 days of Dhul-Hijjah, these days are considered better than other days of the year.

Virtues and activities of these 10 days:

  1. Allah swears an oath by them, “By the dawn; by the ten nights.” (Al-Fajr 89:1-2) This indicates the importance of these days.
  2. Do good deeds and repent sincerely. “There are no days greater in the sight of Allah and in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Him than these ten days. So during this time, recite Tahleel (La ilaha illa Allah), Takbeer (Allahu Akbar), and Tahmeed (Alhumdulillah) frequently.” (Ahmad)
  3. Extra reward for fasting. “To observe a fast on any of these days is equivalent to fasting throughout the year, to actively engage in prayer and worship throughout any of these nights holds such rewarding values, leveling with Laylatul-Qadr.” (At-Tirmidhi)
  4. Narrated Abu Hurairah (rta), Allah’s messenger (sa) also said: “An Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) is an expiation for sins committed between it and the next, but an accepted Hajj will receive no less a reward than Paradise.” (Agreed upon)

Events:

  • 2 AH – Fatimah (rta) married the fourth Caliph Ali.
  • 10 AH – Last revelation, farewell Hajj, and deliverance of the “Last Sermon” by the Prophet (sa).
  • 21 AH – Conquest of Egypt by the army sent by Umar (rta).
  • 23 AH – Umar (rta) martyred.
  • 35 AH – Uthman (rta) martyred.

Muharram – the 1st month

Meaning: ‘Forbidden’.

Muharram (sacred) was so named, since it was forbidden to fight during it.

Muharram is the 3rd of the 4 sacred months.

10th Muharram (Ashura) is a day of great significance.

On Ashura:

  1. Allah liberated Musa (as) and Bani Israel from Firawn’s tyranny.
  2. Nuh’s (as) ark settled on Mount Judi after the Great Flood.
  3. Qiyamah (Day of Judgement) will occur.

Ashura activities:

  1. Fast on the 9th and 10th or 10th and 11th of Muharram. Although it is a Nafl fast, the Prophet (sa) practiced it. The Jews in Madinah fasted on Ashura to commemorate Musa’s and Bani Israel’s liberation. To differentiate from them, we should fast an additional day – before or after the 10th. “The best of fasts, apart from Ramadan, is fasting during Allah’s month Muharram.” (Muslim)
  2. Spend on one’s family. “He who will be generous to his family on the day of Ashura, Allah will be generous to him for the entire year.” (Baihaqi). The orphans, the needy, relatives, and widows should not be forgotten!

Practicing Jahiliyyah (ignorance) activities, such as superstitions, extravagance, and Bidat (innovations) in any month, have been condemned by the Prophet (sa).