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Adapted for Hiba Magazine by Tasneem Vali
“And by the Mercy of Allâh, You dealt with them gently. And had You been Severe and harshhearted, they would have broken away from about you; so pass over (their faults), and ask (Allâh’s) Forgiveness for them; and consult them In the affairs. Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust In Allâh, Certainly, Allâh loves those who put their trust (in Him).” (Al-Imran 159)
This Ayat ends with a profound statement, “Certainly, Allâh loves those who put their trust (in Him).” Think! To be one of the Mutawakkileen, what is it that we must do? Let’s analyze what this Ayat tells us.
This Ayat revealed after the Battle of Uhud; where the Muslims were defeated by the Quraish due to disobedience by some in the Muslim ranks of the Prophet’s (sa) explicit orders; assesses the Prophet’s (sa) reaction (the situation and his personality).
Allah (swt) says that He bestowed upon the Prophet (sa) a special mercy and because of it, he dealt with the disobedient Muslims mildly.
The Ayat goes on to explain, that if the Prophet (sa) had dealt with the disobedient Muslims harshly, a distance between him and the companions would develop; but due to Allah’s Mercy, the companions were always surrounding the Prophet. So Allah explains how the situation could have turned disastrous had he (sa) been harsh and hard hearted. Allah is reminding Prophet Muhammad (sa) and through him we are also given advice, that even during the most distressing times we need to be kind and gentle
So, how should they be dealt with? Allah guides the Prophet (sa):
- you need to pardon them
- seek forgiveness for them (make Dua for them)
- consult them (in matters concerning the Ummah)
We are all human, and prone to err. The treatment Allah has ordained gives the wrongdoer consolation; they were feeling bad, so this reaction gave them comfort. Finally, after following Allah’s commands, then trust/rely on Allah, and leave it at that.
Signs of Mutawakkileen (those who trust Allah):
- Fears none but Allah, upholds the truth even in presence of those who are feared, by relying on Allah.
- Never worries because of confidence in Allah (in His hands is khayr) – heart is tranquil despite chaos around.
- Does not become disturbed or does not panic in any situation as only Allah is the Disposer of all our affairs.
Benefits of being one of the Mutawakkileen (those who rely on Allah):
- It completes one’s Iman (faith), so one’s heart is full of peace and contentment.
- Knowing that the Most Powerful entity in the universe is your ally, you surrender to Allah’s will.
Trusting Allah with the conviction that what He does is the best even if it is the opposite of what is expected, this person is content with Allah’s decree, knowing Allah is all Knowledgeable. He knows this in his heart and exhibits this through his actions, following the Prophet’s example as demonstrated in the Ayat we discussed above.
In Surah Al-Waqiah, Allah raises the status of the Mutawakkileen, they are the foremost in everything Allah has commanded us to do, and hence they are the closest to Allah.
To be one of the Mutawakkileen on Allah you must have trust (Tawakkal) in Allah. You could go through the motions of following Allah’s commands, but until our heart truly accepts Allah’s decree you will not have Tawakkal. It is like taking medicine for an ailment but not trusting that this medicine will help you. Only when you make an effort to know Allah will Tawakkal enter your heart.
When is Tawakkal useful?
- To be steadfast in Deen
- For Dawah (to spread the message of Islam)
- To fulfil the pillars of faith / Islam
- To be obedient to Allah – follow all the commands
- Not to be a problem/trial for others
- Protection from all kinds of enemies (enemies can be hidden/apparent – Jinn, humans, Satan, disbelievers – plotting against you)
- To relegate issues between people, trust Allah to judge between them.
- Trust Allah in His Judgment.
“…and whosoever puts his trust in Allâh, then He will suffice him. Verily, Allâh will accomplish His purpose. Indeed Allâh has set a measure for all things.”(At-Talaq 3)
Here Allah mentions the Mutawakkileen again in a different way, those who have trust in Allah, Allah Himself will be sufficient for that person! Not only do we trust Allah in specific situations, but every time.
“…so whatever you have been given is but a passing enjoyment for this worldly life, but that which is with Allâh (Paradise) is better and more lasting for those who believe (in the Oneness of AllâhIslâmic Monotheism) and put their trust in their Lord (concerning All of their affairs).” (Ash-Shuraa 36)
So, the reward that Allah promised the Mutawakkileen is an everlasting one – a special place in Paradise. As your trust in Allah increases, your faith will increase and as a result your dependence on alternate means will decrease (in your heart you will begin to rely on Allah alone). May Allah makes us all one of the Mutawakkileen. Ameen.