Atheism or disbelief in the Creator is not a new phenomenon. However, in the past, it was not as widespread in human civilization as today. Shirk (ascribing partners to God) was more dominantly prevalent in human history. With advent of people such as Richard Hawkins, atheistic beliefs have risen in the past decade.
Interestingly, as assumed by many, it is not intellectual reasoning that leads people to reject or deny God. Emotional disturbance and personal trauma pushes them to doubt God’s existence. Questions like: “Why is there evil in the world?” and “Why do people suffer?” However, human suffering does not prove the absence of God.
We do not require evidence to prove God’s existence, though we have many. The following are some:
Proof 1: Fitrah (Innate Nature)
Every child is born possessing two innate qualities: his or her own individual nature and characteristics, and the basic innate God-given nature that is common to every human being. Islam calls this basic nature Fitrah.
Affirmation of Allah (swt) is firmly rooted in our innate disposition. Every soul seeks its Creator and knows that He exists. It has been designed in such a manner by Allah (swt) Himself. As Ibn Qayyim stated: “How can I provide proof to you about Allah (swt) when everything around us proves His existence?”
It is self-evidently true. Then why do people go away from God? The Prophet (sa) said: “Every child is born with a true faith of Islam (that is, to worship none but Allah Alone) and his parents convert him to Judaism or Christianity or Magianism. This is just as an animal delivers a perfect baby animal. Do you find it mutilated?” (Bukhari)
Hence, Fitrah can blur due to external influence, such as misguided parents and friends, bad influences and corrupt society. It clouds or veils the natural disposition. Now, it becomes necessary to give evidence.
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