Confronting Atheism with Evidence


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Rana Rais Khan

Owner and editor-in-chief at Hiba Magazine

Latest posts by Rana Rais Khan (see all)

Confronting Atheism with Evidence

By Rana Rais Khan – Editor, Hiba Magazine

And we fathomed Pakistan was a safe haven to keep our Muslim identities intact. Are we naïve or want to bury our heads in the sand? And you may question, where is it happening? Well, right here under our noses in many top educational institutions, which have regretfully become breeding grounds for disobedience to Allah (swt). Also in the cyberspace with its uncensored and unstoppable access to all kinds of warped ideologies for everyone with unclear and fragile beliefs. Denial of God exists.

Brother Adnan Rashid, a senior researcher at the “Hittin Institute”, U.K., who specializes in Islamic studies and comparative religion, was invited by “LiveDeen”. On a very short notice, a four hour intensive workshop on Dawah was organized at a centrally located hotel of Karachi. In spite of an exhaustive schedule of delivering talks at the city’s top tier universities, brother Adnan made time to address this critically growing and disturbing issue around the globe – Does a Creator exist?

He urged all Muslims to train themselves for tackling Atheism rationally, instead of waiting to earn a degree from the Madinah university. In his words: “If you know it, understand it, then deliver it.” Those of you, who wish to master the skill of Dawah, visit: www.iera.org.uk

“Invite (mankind, O Muhammad (sa)) to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islam) with wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Inspiration and the Qur’an) and fair preaching…” (An-Nahl, 16:125)

Preceding the Hajj, Muhammad (sa) held Allah (swt) as a witness that he had delivered the message to mankind. The 100,000 men and women present at the sermon also served as a witness and agreed in unison that our beloved Prophet (sa) had fulfilled his commitment. He asked them to deliver Dawah to those, who were not present and for generations to come, until the Hour occurs. Well, brothers and sisters, as Muslims you and I carry that responsibility upon our shoulders today.

For selfish reasons, because our dear ones are as vulnerable as any stranger on the street. For selfless reasons, because people are heading towards a pit of fire, and we can’t sit and watch them take the plunge. As devout Muslims, we believe that Allah (swt) exists. But to prove this we need to present our case with rationality, intellect and in a robust manner. Here is the strategy brother Adnan offers briefly:

  1. Cosmological argument.
  2. Theological/design argument.
  3. Argument based on morality.
  1. Cosmological Argument.

We consider Allah (swt) as Rab-ul-Alimin. According to some Tafaseer (commentaries) it means Creator of all that exists other than Allah (swt). For the universe to come into existence there could be three plausible theories:

a) either the universe came about by itself,

b) or the universe created itself,

c) or it was created.

If we take into account the first explanation that the universe came into existence instantaneously, it means there was nothing before it. Can nothing produce anything? If you have nothing in your pocket and you draw your hand out, will you have anything in your hand or will you still have nothing? Then how could nothing create anything? It means the universe didn’t happen to exist suddenly.

Now, let’s consider option two that the universe created itself. Again, in order to create itself, the universe needs to exist in the first place, which it didn’t. This argument is paradoxical.

This leads us to take into account the last option that the universe was created by someone. This is the only logical explanation that a sound mind can accept. ‘Kun fa ya kun’ or ‘Be.’ This is all it took the Lord to create the universe.

  1. Theological / Design Argument.

Whether we cast a brief glance or a deeper look at the environment around us, the precision, with which physical laws govern the universe, is spellbinding. There is sophisticated design in the universe.

This design ensures the presence of a designer. How could the Quran have explained numerous Ayahs with exact details pertaining to the universe, whereas the Astrophysists can only speculate as they have no tools to measure, what is out there today.

The Quran explains that the supernatural does exist – whether it was the birth of Adam and Hawa (as), the parting of the Dead Sea by Musa (as) or the virgin birth of Isa (as). The evidence is overwhelming.

  1. Argument Based on Morality.

Who will decide what is moral today? Man? Well, then we are in for many surprises. Man changes his stance every now and then, according to what is suitable to him. Homosexuality was a crime in Europe earlier. Today it is a celebrated virtue. Man’s morality is objective, whereas the Creator’s morality transcends subjectivity – it does not alter with time and preferences.

Richard Dawkins in his bestseller titled “The God Delusion” attributes all evils to religion. Hamza Andreas Tzortzis attempted to respond to Dawkin’s central arguments and arguments that the philosophers consider to be his best.

He puts forth convincingly: “War and conflict are not religious monopolies; rather, they are human phenomena and not unique to religion.” Historians record the earlier century to be one of the Godless eras of civilization that brought upon humanity the following wrath in terms of genocide, killings and sufferings, etc.:

  • 70,000,000 under Chairman Mao
  • 20,000,000 under Stalin
  • 2,000,000 no longer exist because of Pol Pot
  • 7,000,000 innocent Iraqi’s under current occupation
  • 5,000,000 Iraqi children in the 10 year sanctions

Those, who depend on scientific theories, must understand that science keeps shifting poles, because its scope is limited. But the Quran is based on established reality. It is wrong to state that the Quran agrees with science. We should accept the Word of God to be true, as it indicates many scientific phenomena around us. Quran does not depend on science to prove its authenticity.

The parchment showcased in St. Petersburg (Russia) of a copy of the Quran of Usman (rta) can be matched with the Quran resting in your shelf. It will, Insha’Allah, be exactly alike. For those who wish to explore further please visit www.islamic-awareness.org.

Hamza states: “Intellectual gymnastics – no matter how truthful – seldom convince others, so I thought it best to allow the expression of God – the Quran – to have the final say: ‘Verily, in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, and the ships which sail through the sea with that which is of use to mankind, and the water (rain) which Allah sends down from the sky and makes the earth alive therewith after its death, and the moving (living) creatures of all kinds that He has scattered therein, and in the veering of winds and clouds which are held between the sky and the earth, are indeed Ayat (signs) for people of understanding.’” (Al-Baqarah, 2:164)

Should more be said? I think not.

About “LiveDeen”

In 2011, a group of brothers, with a passion to help the Ummah, founded “LiveDeen” – a non-profit project with an up-to-the-minute concept of lectureshops; a combination of workshops and live lectures of international speakers broadcasted via hi-technology video conferencing tools. Their main aim is to bridge the gap between the English-speaking strata of the society and Deen. To date, “LiveDeen” has conducted multiple lectureshops along with one full day conference.

Contact Details:

www.livedeen.com

www.facebook.com/livedeen

Ameer “LiveDeen”: Nouman Idrees Sheikh (0300-863-7735)

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