Children and Domestic Violence: Part 2 – Consequences and Prevention

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Maria Karim

Maria Karim is an artist by degree and a teacher by profession. She taught art and design to teenagers for almost eight years before embarking upon her journey on the path of Allah. She has been studying the Deen for almost six years now and aspires to remain a student of knowledge for as long as she lives. She has been involved in various Dawah activities for quite some time now. She is the Managing Editor at Muslimaat Magazine, a digital magazine for Muslim women. Besides her personal blog, called My Journal, she regularly writes for the section Almost Adults on Gems of Islam. Her articles have been published in Aailaa Magazine, Muslim Matters and Suhaib Webb.

Consequences of Domestic Violence on Children

violenceA child witnessing relentless, unkind behaviour, intolerance, exchange of harsh words, sarcasm, mistrust, offensive gestures, unpleasant treatment and/or indifference between his/her parents is most likely going to have an unbalanced and blemished personality with multiple problems to cope up with, such as:

Lack of Religious Growth: Children from a disturbed household hardly become religious, unless someone consciously channels them. Since they rarely see their parents ever turn to their Rabb (Sustainer) and exercise patience in times of distress, they cannot relate to this concept.

Absence of Spiritual Connection: When children witness their parents trying to find peace through other means and relying on those means besides Allah (swt), they automatically relate to seeking peace and relying on ways and means other than the true source of Khair (goodness), their Creator.

Loss of Self Confidence: Such children lose their confidence, because they have been devoid of the kind of emotional support required to boost their ego and individuality.

Low Self Esteem: The loss of dignity between parents or such a behavior pattern established by one of the parents gives birth to low self-esteem in their child’s character, resulting in a feeling of worthlessness.

Insecurity: When children witness ill treatment between their parents or by any one parent towards the other, they feel insecure about their relationship with them and dread being the victim either directly or indirectly. They also feel worried about their parents or their siblings and feel powerless.

Anxiety: A child observing domestic disorder whether emotional, verbal or physical is always on guard, watching and waiting for the next event to occur. He/she never knows what will trigger the abuse and therefore they never feel safe.

Self-doubt: When a child’s tender mind is not able to explain why his/her parents hardly get along, they sometimes start blaming themselves; that if they hadn’t done such and such thing, the argument wouldn’t have started. Or if they are unable to explain the reason for a fight, they remain doubtful about the occurrence of it which leaves them confused and frustrated. The feeling of self-doubt makes them feel humiliated and embarrassed.

Resentment: Children experiencing a chaotic household become resentful towards either their siblings or one of the parents who they think is responsible for triggering an argument. They can possibly become enraged, short tempered and abusive as adults themselves.

Suppression: Children experiencing domestic issues are always engrossed in coping with the stress at home. They are expected to keep the conflicts at home a secret. Consequently, this can turn them into inexpressive and suppressed beings.

Intimidation: On the contrary, sometimes children who witness one of their parents (most likely their mother) being the victim at home, learn to grow up to be intimidating individuals themselves to get their way in an intimate relationship, because children have a natural tendency to identify with strength.

Controlling Behaviour: Knowing their strength, children from disturbed homes are prone to becoming controlling as spouse themselves. They have been brought up to feel anxious about relationships; therefore are desperate to take charge in order to preserve a relationship from disintegration. They feel that their controlling would help keep it intact.

Vulnerability: These children feel isolated and vulnerable. They crave for attention, validation and company. As both parents are consumed in their own survival, they are hardly emotionally available for the child. Therefore, the child is most likely to look for the emotional dependency elsewhere.

The above are only few of the many setbacks that a child from a disordered home goes through. The question is: Do we want our children to experience this? The expected answer in all cases would hopefully be no.

Then what are we, as parents, doing to prevent them from such experiences? Having said this, I do not intend to include the unique situation, where a spouse has a psychological disorder and the other spouse is expected to put up with them.

Realistically speaking, how many of us face the above mentioned condition where we have zero control over our respective relationship? Truthfully, the genuine reason isn’t that we can’t avoid drastically damaging scenarios, but usually we choose not to prevent them; as every dispute has a history of negative, unresolved events trailing behind it accompanied by insensitive, tactless and careless actions between the parents.

Generally speaking, we are selfish individuals that are primarily concerned with catering first to our personal, emotional and psychological needs. While in a conflict, we are either immersed in self-pity and depression, or are trapped amidst the battle of egos. Thus, we neglect the little hearts from being repeatedly aggrieved and wounded.

Emotionally and physically drained, frustrated and exhausted from having to keep up with the relationship with our spouse, we become oblivious to the damaging impact our indifference towards each other might have on our child’s personality.

Prevention is Better than Cure

However, we must remind ourselves that our children are dependent on us in every single way, for each little thing; and realize the gravity and responsibility that parenthood holds. We cannot help the reaction of our spouse, but what we can control is our attitude towards them or towards an unpleasant situation or experience.

Obviously, it is not as simple as this statement and requires counseling and perhaps, a series of articles to get into the intricacies of a relationship and its dos and don’ts. Nonetheless, the focus of this article is to highlight the traumatic conditions that children who experience domestic violence go through and its consequences.

A child is similar to a soft lump of dough and we can mold it as we wish, it goes through what we make it go through. A lump of dough, when handled with love, care and wisdom can be beneficial for you, but if it is handled roughly and carelessly, it can prove to be just the opposite.

Our children are an Amanah (trust) from Allah (swt). They have been sent to us so that we can nurture them with love, respect, care and concern. We leave our impressions on them. We either leave our child with a well-nurtured body and soul, or we leave them with a scarred soul and a wounded heart. The choice, of course, is ours!


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  1. A very comprehensive article . Most articles about domestic violence focus on the adults . Children are very sensitive indeed ; the adults can patch up and move on but it can be very difficult for a child to do so unless he or she is properly cared for.

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