“And I did not create the jinn and humankind except to worship Me.” (Adh-Dhariyat, 51:56) As evident from this Ayah, the purpose of our existence is to worship the Creator. Each act of virtue done with good faith is worship.
In Islamic legal tradition, Qawamah implies the responsibilities entrusted to men over women – to take care of them and guide them in the best possible way.
Allah (swt) says: “But men have a degree over them [in responsibility and authority]” (Al-Baqarah, 2:228) and “Men are in charge of women by [right of] what Allah has given one over the other and what they spend [for maintenance] from their wealth.” (An-Nisa, 4:34)
Men should play an active role in the life of their household women – show their constant commitment and support towards them. Men, in general, are Qawwam for women, may it be their wife, daughter, mother, and so on. There is no choice but to fulfill the responsibilities entrusted to them by Allah (swt).
While the husband is obligated to be the maintainer, provider, and caretaker of the wife, the wife also has certain duties to safeguard the family.
“And the woman is the guardian of her husband’s house and is responsible for it.” (Bukhari) In response to Fatima’s (rtaf) and Ali’s (rtam) complaint, the ideal family model was provided by the Prophet (sa) 1400 years ago, when he entrusted the internal duties to his daughter Fatima (rtaf) and external chores to son-in-law Ali (rtam).
This is an excerpt from the print issue.
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